Anal incontinence after caesarean and vaginal delivery

The prevalence of anal incontinence is estimated to be 4·3%, increasing to 6·2% in women over the age of 60 years.1 Anal incontinence profoundly affects the mental and physical health of patients and negatively affects quality of life; it is associated with increased incidence of anxiety, depression, and mortality.2-4 The average annual medical costs per person per year are estimated at US$2353 and non-medical costs at $209, as well as a loss of $1549 per person per year in indirect medical costs due to loss of productivity.
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