Squash Rules: Basic Terms and Court Dimensions

 Kevin Brown
  10th-Mar-2019

A game that is played in a four-walled court with a small and hollow rubber ball is known as squash game. Learn how to play the game by reading the following squash rules.

Squash Rules| Squash Serve Rules

  • Whoever will win the racket spin or coin toss shall decide from where to serve from the right side or left side service box.
  • This game can be played with two players or four players at one time. When two players will be playing this game then it will be known as singles. Whereas if this game is played by four players then this game will be known as doubles.
  • The ball should be hit by the racket and it should be done within the boundaries on the back wall.
  • The ball should bounce once on the surface of the court
  • At times the ball can be hit the side wall when it hits back the wall.
  • A situation where the player by mistake gets in their opponent way and fails to get out from there then it is known as a let.
  • But if the player tries to get into the way of the opponent then it will be known as foul and that player has to face respective consequences.
  • If the game has reached a point where the score of the match is 10 – 10 then a player needs to score 2 more points in order to win this game fairly.
  • The ball would not be allowed to hit twice and carry the ball during the game around the court.
  • When the player is serving the ball his or her one leg should be within the service box. The same rule should be followed by the competitor also.
  • While hitting the ball back the player can hit the ball on the volley or else after it bounces. The choice will be in the hand of the player or competitor that when to hit the ball back.

In order to know the speed of the ball, one should observe the number and colors of small spots on the ball. Refer the following information in order to know the speed of the ball by the help of color:

  • Double yellow = Extra super slow for competitors
  • Yellow = Super slow
  • Green = Slow
  • White = Slow
  • Red = Medium
  • Blue = Fast

The player gets only one serve in squash so it should be played wisely.

  • If there is no contact made with the ball then it would not be considered as a serve.
  • A situation where the player has not placed one whole foot on the service box then it will be known as a foul.
  • When a player wins the service back then that player can choose which side to serve from.
  • A player scores a point when he or she has to select the other side to serve and the players have to keep swapping till the game ends.
  • The ball has to hit the front wall before it comes to the contact or it hits or bounces at the floor.
  • The player will be out if the ball hit at any one of the tops of the line of the court or the Tin, the red line and boards at the bottom of the front wall.
  • The serve made by the player should go above the service line i.e. the middle line on the front line and it should be below the outline.
  • A player should make the service in such a way that it reaches the quarter of the court of the opponent’s side.
  • When No Let is given at that time nothing will be changed and the game shall continue.

Squash Court Dimensions

1. Single Squash Court

Dimensions

  • Length of the court is 9.75m.
  • The width of the court should be 6.4m.
  • Diagonal can be 11.665m.
  • Height from the floor to lower edge of the front wall is 4.57m.
  • Height from the floor to lower edge of back wall line is 2.13m.
  • Height from the floor to lower edge of service line on the front wall is 1.780m.
  • Height from the floor to top of the tin is 4.8m.
  • The distance of the nearest edge of a short line from the back shall be 4.26m.
  • A dimension of service boxes is 1.600m.
  • The width of all the lines and upper section of tin should be 5cm.
  • The clear height above the court floor should be minimum 5.640m.

Floor

  • The floor should have matt finish with the natural wood color. There will be a limited spring and the surface of floor should be hard smooth.

Front wall

  • The service line, the front wall line and the upper of the tin are known as three horizontal markings on the front line.

Back wall

  • The horizontal court that will be the back wall line is the only marking on the back wall.

Sidewalls

  • The line between the front line and the back wall line is known as the side wall.

Floor markings

  • The floor marking consists of the: short line, half court line and two services boxes marked on the floor.

Door

  • The door of the court is situated in the middle of the back line and opens into the court. The measurement of the door should not be more than 900mm wide and 2130mm high.

2. Doubles or Hardball Squash Court

Dimensions

  • Length of court between playing surfaces should be 13.72m.
  • Whereas the width of court between playing surfaces is 7.62m.
  • Diagonal of the court should be 15.69m.
  • Height above the floor to lower edge of front wall line is 6.09m.
  • Height above the floor to lower edge of back wall line is 2.13m.
  • Height from the floor to upper edge of service line on the front wall is 2.46m.
  • Height from the floor to top of the tin is 4.3m.
  • Distance to nearest edge of a short line from the back wall at the court will be 4.57m.
  • Dimensions of the quadrant service boxes should be 1.37m2.
  • The width of all the lines and the board present on the court is 38mm.
  • The height that should be visible above the floor of the court should be minimum 7.31m.

It is necessary in order to the measurement of the court so that it will be helpful to you to follow the squash rules.

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Domain: Afterhours
Category: Sports
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