Information and Communication Technologies In Tourism

Information and Communication Technologies In Tourism

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Description: ICT Usage by Destination Organisations:- Case Study ETS Portal System, Case Study Tiscover, Further Destination related Case Studies. Characteristics of Tourism Destinations Satisfy the need for travelling Amalgam of products, facilities & services that comprise the ‘total tourism product’. Bring together a number of tangible elements & attractions, intangible aspects & facilities/services Planning, management & marketing are undertaken by public sector or partnerships between stakeholders of the local tourism industry Need to disseminate information globally as destination-naive travellers require more information.

Management & Marketing Objectives Ensure sustainable balance between economic benefits and socio-cultural and environmental costs.

 
Author: International Federation for IT and Tavel & Tourism   | Visits: 223 | Page Views: 377
Domain:  Business Category: Management 
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Contents:
Information and
Communication
Technologies
in

Tourism

ICTs for Tourism Destination Management
ICT Usage by Destination Organisations
Case Study ETS Portal System
Case Study Tiscover
Further Destination related Case Studies

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Destinations
Characteristics of Tourism Destinations
Satisfy the need for travelling
Amalgam of products, facilities & services that
comprise the ‘total tourism product’
Bring together a number of tangible elements &
attractions, intangible aspects & facilities/services
Planning, management & marketing are undertaken
by public sector or partnerships between stakeholders
of the local tourism industry
Need to disseminate information globally as
destination-naive travellers require more information

Management & Marketing Objectives
Ensure sustainable balance between economic benefits
and socio-cultural and environmental costs
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Destination Management Organisations
Destination Management Organisations - DMOs
Destination management & marketing
Promote a destination's tourism by maintaining the
social, cultural, economic and environmental basis
(political function)
Represent all suppliers in a democratic way
Training and education
Supporting SME structured tourism industry
Often governmental institutions
Paid by tourism related taxes
Implemented as hierarchical network (NTO, RTO, LTO)

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ICT and Destinations
Destination management systems (DMSs)
A collection of computerised, interactively accessible
information about a destination
Satisfy the information & reservation needs of buyers
Support travellers to create a personalised destination
experience
Major promotion, distribution & operational tools for
SMTEs & destinations
Improve the functions & performance of DMOs
Provide the essential info-structure for DMOs
Support destinations in strengthening their
competitiveness

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Tourism Distribution via DMOs & DMSs
Tourism distribution mechanisms and the role of DMOs and DMSs

Buhalis (2003)

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DMSs within the Distribution Network

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Methodology for DMS Development
Prepare an eTourism destination strategy
Develop a strategic overview, brand, look and feel of the destination
offering
Determine functional specifications & business model of the DMS
Establish technical specifications, procurement and update programme
Select system suppliers and/or software developers
Organise the data collection and input to content management tools
Build, pilot and test the DMS and the web site
Host and maintain the DMS and the various sites
Register the site with search engines and maintain ranking
Provide analysis of users and their usage of the site
Develop feedback mechanisms
Establish long-term strategy and account for technological upgrades
Monitor, evaluate and review process regularly
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Critical Issues for DMSs
Accessible through the Internet & mobile devices
Establish the destination info-structure through
computerisation & networking of the entire population of
enterprises at destinations
Be interoperable with a wide range of technological
platforms
Conform to latest standards and flexibility
Represent the entire destination itinerary
Disseminate information about everything related to a
destination
Act as a neutral network at the destination level that
enables industry to act & co-ordinate its actions
proactively & reactively

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Strategic Destination Management
Destination development
+

Visitors

Tourism Income

+
Destn
Attractiveness

+

+
Tourism Enterprise
Attractiveness

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Natural Resource
Attractiveness

?
Destn
Development

+
Tourism Enterprise
Development

+

+

-

(McGrath/More 2005)

© copyright IFITT

Strategic Destination Management
Destination development

(McGrath/More 2005)

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ICTs for Tourism Destination Management
ICT Usage by Destination Organisations
Case Study ETS Portal System
Case Study Tiscover
Further Destination related Case Studies

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ETS Portal System
ETS Framework
Freely configurable booking platform for tourism
products
Enables searching and reservation/booking of
tourism products
Serves as basis for instantiating different theme
or region specific portals
Administration cockpit enables the configuration
of specific portals as instances of the framework
Current applications
Region portals Altmühltal, Fränkisches Seenland,
Donau-Ries
Theme portals „historische Häuser“ or „Urlaub auf
dem Bauernhof“ in Bayern
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System Architecture
Theme
portal

Region
portal

Administration

ETS portal system

Portal specific database

Central database

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Application Adaptation

Intermediate
format
Adaptation to portal configuration
(e.g. volume of data, size of pictures)
Content
transformation

Portal specific configuration

e.g. search for accommodation unit
Data request

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Application Adaptation

Browser response
XHtml

Design
generation

Based on:
- Configuration
- Style sheets
Portal specific configuration

Intermediate
format

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Database Design
General database schema

Description /
attributes

Portal
assignments

Suppliers
Bookable units
(rooms, tours, etc.)
Bookings

Availability /
booking
restrictions

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Prices

ETC Administration

Functions,
design
Portal administration

Portal specific database

Customer administration

Central database

Products
System administration
Basic data etc.

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Usage of ETS Portal System

ETS portal system

Theme / region
portals

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Web services
(e.g. booking via XML)

External modules
(e.g. room plan)

ICTs for Tourism Destination Management
ICT Usage by Destination Organisations
Case Study ETS Portal System
Case Study Tiscover
Further Destination related Case Studies

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Tiscover
Objective
Build an infrastructure for improving the service of the
industry and for enforcing their co-operation
Enable a better, faster and more democratic presentation of
the product
Provide an improved access to the market, delivering also
information about the market and its trends

Functions
Destination information server
Database structure for destinations with an Internet interface

Reservation/booking server (rooms/packages)
Including a EPS - electronic payment system

Data maintenance server
Including property management system for SMEs
Extranet function for the “content management system”

Internet presence for accommodations and destinations

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Tiscover

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Tiscover

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Datacenter - overview

Internet

2nd Level:
Application-ServerCluster-Groups

1st Level:
WebserverCluster-Groups

Redundant
Firewall- /
Load BalancerCluster
SUN /Oracle
DatabaseCluster

Redundant
Cisco 7206
Routers

Redundant
Cisco PIX
Firewalls

Service-Clusters:
Mail, FTP, mySQL-DB, etc

NFSCluster

SAN (Storage Area Network):
Enterprise Storage for NFS and Database-Clusters,
being expanded for use with Service-Clusters

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Datacenter - overview
Load Balancer
FWLB1

Tiscover
Webapplication

Frontline

Application
Server

Frontline

Application
Server

Load Balancer
FWLB2

Load Balancing
Filtering
...

HTTP
LDAP
URL-Rewrite
...

Frontline

Application
Server

J2EE Webapplication

Application Server,
Appli + HTTPConnector
SQUID-Caching
Multicast snd/rcv
...

Server
Server

...
Search Server
Lucene

Server
Log files

Route Planner
Oracle DB
SunFire6800
SF1

Oracle DB
SunFire4800
SF2

NFSCluster
Backup

HP EVA 5000 SAN

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Fax
Mail
LDAP

Hardware & OSs
Sun Microsystems mid-range servers – database servers
Sun Fire 4800/6800 (main systems)
Up to 12/24 Ultra Sparc CPUs
Redundant components (power, system controllers, ...)
Redundant I/O boxes on Sun Fire 6800

Sun Fire 280 (testing system, 2 CPUs)
Sun Solaris operating system
Standard x86 servers (Hewlett Packard)
11/05: SUN
X4100
Web/application/search/cache/load balancing/file/NFS/fax
gateway/mail servers, backup systems
Red Hat enterprise linux on most servers, Windows 2003 for
route planner servers
Storage / SAN
HP EVA 5000 as main storage system
HP HSG-80 / MSA-8000 for logs and non-critical apps

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Java Architecture

httpXML

request
Servlet
(controller)

EJB

DAO
Bean
Top-Link
Cache

DB

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JSP

Java Architecture
Tiscover Web-application – Guide Request
http://www.tiscover.at/at/guide/5,en,SCH1/objectId,RGN7at,season,at1,selectedEntr
y,home/home.html
Which Application?
Frontline Server
SL LB: UrlRewrite.analyseUrl(URL request)
at
Country System Austria
guide
Module and Application GUIDE (stateless)
Which Application-Server?
17:05:36 CEST 2005 TSLB:1267:ok:3:629
17:05:36 CEST 2005 TSLB:1036:ok:1:428
17:05:36 CEST 2005 TSLB:1131:ok:2:266
17:05:36 CEST 2005 TSLB:1289:startup:0:65
17:05:36 CEST 2005 TSLB:1089:ok:0:8

1131

Squid

J2EE Application-Server
DB

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Java Architecture
Tiscover Web-Application – Scout Request
http://book.tiscover.at/at/scout/stps/5,en,SCH1,1202/lm,false,r,RGN7at,season,at1/rscr
it.html
Which Application?
Frontline Server
SL LB: UrlRewrite.analyseUrl(URL request)
at
Country System Austria
scout/stps
Module Scout and Application stps (statefull)
Which Application-Server?
MachineId: 1202

if machine.isAlive()

1202
Squid
J2EE Application-Server
DB

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Java Architecture
Java figures
WAR file – 60 MB
App. 4300 java classes
App. 500 DAO‘s, 2100 business classes, 200
servlets
5 root servlets

Ca. 4700 jsp‘s
Ca. 720 tables
15 GB data – (AT system, historical data)
10 GB log files (current time for 3 month)
20 GB statistic data

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ICTs for Tourism Destination Management
ICT Usage by Destination Organisations
Case Study ETS Portal System
Case Study Tiscover
Further Destination related Case Studies

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Case Study – Destination Organizations
Why destination marketing providers need to think more
like Google, Apple and Facebook
http://www.tnooz.com/article/why-destination-marketing-providers-need-to-thinkmore-like-google-apple-and-facebook/

The current DMO technologypricing model is killing the
sector and making destination
marketers increasingly
irrelevant.

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Case Study – Destination Organizations
Why Pinterest works in the travel industry (ESPECIALLY
destinations)
http://www.tnooz.com/article/why-pinterest-works-in-the-travel-industry-especiallydestinations/
www.pinterest.com

Why has Pinterest the
potential to be the most
important social strategy
component for
destination marketers…?

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Case Study – Destination Organizations
Destination app to give kids a voice in travel planning
process
http://www.tnooz.com/article/destination-app-to-give-kids-a-voice-in-travel-planningprocess-video/
http://boundround.com/

Sydney is the first destination
to feature on the service,
being developed by Bound
Round, which will also include
stories, photos, videos and
games as well as enable
children to put together a
journal of their trip.

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Case Study – Destination Organizations
How Quebec City Crowdsources Locals To Promote Its
Destination
http://socialmediatoday.com/gonzogonzo/1457311/how-quebec-city-crowdsourceslocals-promote-its-destination
http://effetquebec.com/

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Quebec City Tourism Bureau unveiled a campaign in
order to generate some buzz about the destination. The
idea is to encourage locals to promote the destination
via social media networks.

© copyright IFITT

Case Study – Destination Organizations
Helsinki Offline Tourist Map - Android Apps on Google Play
https://play.google.com/store/apps/
details?id=com.kona.map.hki

A Helsinki tourist map for your
Android phone and tablet.
Explore Helsinki without data
connection charges.

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Case Study – Destination Organizations
How a tourism board made its visitor centre look and feel
like an Apple Store
http://www.tnooz.com/article/how-a-tourism-board-made-its-visitor-centre-look-andfeel-like-an-apple-store/

Manchester’s Tourist information
center distinct from the traditional
visitor centre with a few dusty
leaflets, outdated maps on the
walls and staff that looked bored
rigid by the entire experience!

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Case Study – Destination Organizations
TAT’s “Creative Tourism” campaign generates 24 million
online visitors
http://www.traveldailynews.asia/news/article/49824/tat-rsquo-s-ldquo-creativetourism-rdquo-campaign-generates

“Discover the Other You”
prompts TAT's “online
competition designed to
promote the kingdom as a
“Creative Tourism” destination.

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Case Study – Destination Organizations
Visit Idaho campaign lets public star in their own
destination video
http://www.tnooz.com/article/visit-idaho-campaign-lets-public-star-in-their-owndestination-video/
http://visitidaho.org/

The Idaho Division of Tourism is
clearly looking for the viral effect
with its unveiling of a marketing
campaign where punters paste
their photos into one of three
videos.

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