The Transistor Revolution - Shaping the Next Era of Mobility

The Transistor Revolution - Shaping the Next Era of Mobility

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Transistor

history

Moore's Law

Lilienfeld

Description: 2015 is a landmark year for the transistor and the integrated circuit. It's been 90 years since Lilienfeld first patented the transistor. It would take another 22 years before the materials purity and the knowledge developed to make possible the discovery of the first working transistor at Bell Labs in December, 1947.

It was the transistor that spawned the transition from the age of transportation to the Information Age. They were just trying to find a more reliable switch. Then came the invention of the IC in 1958 which made it possible to put entire circuits on a single chip and finally Moore’s Law that codified the industry’s business model fifty years ago in 1965.

Each of these revolutionary events were made possible by systematic innovation in materials, deposition, etch, and patterning. And we’re still going strong today with radically new transistors and the advent of precision materials. Today, across the industry, a revolutionary generation of transistors is coming into production that will dramatically improve consumer computing power and mobile connectivity.

But keeping pace with relentless demands for faster performance, longer battery life, and greater functionality will require further transformations in the transistor. Ground-breaking visionary engineering will be needed to address the challenges along the way. How much longer will the industry be able to sustain Moore’s Law? What will the fundamental changes be? When will the major inflections be inserted? Wh ...Please navigate Paper pages for more details.

 
Author: G. Dan Hutcheson (Fellow) | Visits: 2721 | Page Views: 3022
Domain:  High Tech Category: Semiconductors Subcategory: Transistors 
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Contents:
Celebrating 90 years of continuing
innovation in architecture and materials …

2

December 15, 2014

THE TRANSIST R REVOLUTION

Early Transistor Innovation
1925:

Julius Lilienfeld patents
Field-Effect Transistor (FET)

1947:

Point contact transistor discovered
at Bell Labs

1954:

TI introduces silicon transistor with
grown junctions

1955:

Mesa Transistor invented at Bell Labs
Fairchild in volume production in 1958

1958:

Planar transistor developed at Fairchild
Basis for Noyce IC invention

1960:

3

Clockwise from top: Bell Labs point contact, first Fairchild IC,
TI’s Kilby IC – multiple die wire bonded together

MOSFET developed at Bell Labs

December 15, 2014

THE TRANSIST R REVOLUTION

Transistor Innovation in the IC Era
 Scaling makes everything
smaller and cheaper
i.e. Moore’s Law

 First Bipolar, then
NMOS and CMOS

 43 years before finFET
transistors emerge
2011 Intel introduces tri-gate into production

Clockwise from top: Bell Labs point contact 1947,
first Fairchild IC 1962, IBM planar strained silicon 2004,
Intel tri-gate 2011

4

December 15, 2014

Has innovation stopped?
Or is it just getting started …
THE TRANSIST R REVOLUTION

How Smaller Transistors Changed ICs

Intel Bay Trail 22nm

First TI IC

Intel 4004

Intel 8088

Nvidia Tegra 4 28nm

1959
5

First Fairchild IC

1962

1971

1979

2013

December 15, 2014

THE TRANSIST R REVOLUTION

So What If Moore’s Law Stops?
Do you really believe
the engineers will stop?

Our industry is not just about
technology advances
Our industry is more about
people because …
Moore’s Law is emergent behavior

Only creative people can
advance technology
and they self-coordinate

These People Will Not Stop
6

December 15, 2014

THE TRANSIST R REVOLUTION

When a distinguished but elderly scientist states that
something is possible, he is almost certainly right.
When he states that something is impossible,
he is very probably wrong.
ARTHUR C. CLARK

Tonight, we are going to hear distinguished scientists

discuss the possibilities
7

December 15, 2014

THE TRANSIST R REVOLUTION

Ground Rules
1. The views expressed here are the personal
opinions of the panelists and not
necessarily their companies’
2. They are subject to change without notice
3. Forecasts are not to be taken as factual
history years later
4. No financial or generally off-topic questions

8

December 15, 2014

THE TRANSIST R REVOLUTION

An evening with industry

visionaries

Dipesh
Patel

John
Chen

Mark
Bohr

Randhir
Thakur

G. Dan
Hutcheson

Executive VP & GM,
Physical Design Group

Vice President,
Technology and
Foundry Management

Intel Senior Fellow
& Director, Process
Architecture and
Integration

Executive VP & GM,
Silicon Systems Group

CEO

ARM

NVIDIA

VLSI Research

Applied Materials

Intel

9

December 15, 2014

THE TRANSIST R REVOLUTION