Leading the world to 5G

Leading the world to 5G

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Description: Connecting the massive Internet of Things Optimizing to connect anything, anywhere with efficient, low-cost communications. Enabling new mission-critical control services With ultra-reliable, ultra-low latency communication links. A unified 5G design for all spectrum types/bands: Addressing a wide range of use cases and deployment scenarios.

Qualcomm, leading the world to 5G: Investing in 5G for many years—building upon our leadership foundation.

 
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Contents:
Leading the world
to 5G
February 2016
Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.

Our 5G vision: a unifying connectivity fabric

Enhanced
mobile broadband

Mission-critical
services

Massive Internet
of Things

• Multi-Gbps data rates • Uniformity

• Ultra-low latency

• High availability

• Low cost

• Deep coverage

• Extreme capacity

• High reliability

• Strong security

• Ultra-low energy

• High density

Mobile devices

• Deep awareness

Networking

Automotive

Robotics

Health

Wearables

Smart cities

Smart homes

Unified design for all spectrum types and bands from below 1GHz to mmWave
2

Scalable to an extreme variation of requirements
Deep coverage
To reach challenging locations

Strong security
e.g. Health / government / financial trusted

Ultra-low energy
10+ years of battery life

Ultra-high reliability
Ultra-low complexity
10s of bits per second

Massive Internet
of Things

Ultra-high density
1 million nodes per Km2

Extreme capacity
10 Tbps per Km2

10

24% of route

60% of route

x 1.8
>1

39% of route

71% of route

x 1.7
>0
©2009 GeoBasis-DE/BKG, ©2016 Google

Wide range of indoor and
outdoor test cases

47% of route

82% of route

©2009 GeoBasis-DE/BKG, ©2016 Google

Demonstrated coverage and
capacity benefits of LAA

Demonstrated fair
co-existence with Wi-Fi

* Single small cell, LAA based on 3GPP release 13; LWA using 802.11ac; LTE on 10 MHz channel in 2600 MHz licensed spectrum with 4W transmit power; the following conditions are identical for LAA and Wi-Fi: 2x2 downlink
MIMO, same 20 MHz channel in 5 GHz unlicensed spectrum with 1W transmit power, terminal transmit power 0.2W, mobility speed 6-8 mph; ^ Based on geo-binned measurements over test route

11

Multi-mode/multi-connectivity essential to 5G success
5G / 4G / 3G / Wi-Fi
Multi-mode device
5G above 6 GHz

4G below 6 GHz

5G below 6 GHz

Simultaneous connectivity across
5G, 4G and Wi-Fi
12

Leading the world to 5G
From standardization to commercialization
Qualcomm 5G activities
Designing 5G, e.g. OFDM-based unified air interface
Contributing to 3GPP, e.g. massive MIMO simulations, new LDPC code designs
Delivering advanced prototypes, e.g. 5G mmWave demo at MWC’16
Participating in impactful trials with major operators

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

5G study items
R15 5G work items

3GPP 5G standardization

Note: Estimated commercial dates;

R16 5G work items

R17+ 5G evolution

5G commercial launches

13

Designing a unified, more capable 5G air interface
Building on our strong OFDM/wireless foundation

Optimized OFDMbased waveforms

A common, flexible
framework

Advanced wireless
technologies

OFDM adapted to
extremes

Designed for forward
compatibility

Such as massive MIMO,
mmWave

14

Massive MIMO at 4 GHz allows reuse of existing sites
Leverage higher spectrum band using same sites and same transmit power
4GHz
24x4 Massive
MIMO 80MHz

Average Cell Throughput
= 808 Mbps @ 80 MHz

4GHz
24x4 Massive
MIMO 80MHz

2GHz
2x4 MIMO
20MHz

4GHz
2x4 MIMO
80MHz

10.5Y

2.7Y
Cell edge user throughput
Y

4GHz
2GHz

2x4 MIMO
80MHz

2x4 MIMO
20MHz

3.4X

13.9X

X
Median user throughput

Macro site
1.7km inter-site distance
46 dBm transmit power

Source: Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. simulations; Macro-cell with 1.7km inter-site distance, 10 users per cell, 46 dBm Tx power at base station, 20MHz@2GHz and 80MHz@4GHz BW TDD, 2.4x Massive MIMO

15

Realizing the mmWave opportunity for mobile broadband
The extreme mobile broadband opportunity

The challenge—‘mobilizing’ mmWave

• Large bandwidths, e.g. 100s of MHz

• Robustness due to high path loss and
susceptibility to blockage

• Multi-Gpbs data rates
• Flexible deployments (integrated access/backhaul)

• Device cost/power and RF challenges
at mmWave frequencies

• High capacity with dense spatial reuse

mmWave
sub6Ghz

Solutions

Intelligent directional beam
forming & beam tracking

Tight interworking
with sub 6 GHz

Optimized mmWave
design for mobile

Increase coverage & provide
continuous connectivity

Increase robustness and
faster system acquisition

To meet cost, power &
thermal constraints
16

Making mmWave a reality for mobile
Qualcomm is driving 5G mmWave
60 GHz chipset commercial
today for mobile devices

Developing robust 5G mmWave
for extreme mobile broadband

0.705 inch

0.28 inch

Manhattan 3D map
Results from ray-tracing^

Qualcomm® VIVE™ 802.11ad technology
with a 32-antenna array element
Qualcomm VIVE is a product of Qualcomm Atheros, Inc.;
^ Based on Qualcomm Technologies Inc. simulations

28 GHz outdoor example with ~150m dense urban LOS and
NLOS coverage using directional beamforming^
17

Modem and RFFE leadership critical
Roadmap to 5G is significantly more complex and faster moving
Connectivity

Wi-Fi

BT

Radio frequency bands

GPS

19

23

24

26

27

28

21
2

3

5

EV-DO

Handover combinations
(hypothetical examples)

6

4

GERAN

LTE

8

9

1

CDMA
1x

18

25

22

33

35

36

37

38

7

10

11

12

20

34

39

40

41

42

43

13

14

17

44

UMTS

TDSCDMA

LTE TDD

LTE FDD

2G/3G

Source: Qualcomm Technologies Inc.

2012 LTE Multimode

Today—LTE evolution

Tomorrow—5G and LTE evolution
18

Modem and RFFE leadership critical
Roadmap to 5G is significantly more complex and faster moving
Wi-Fi, 3G, Wi-Fi
Connectivity 2G

BT

3

5

6

4

50+ spectrum bands
450 MHz–5.8 GHz
(licensed and unlicensed)

EV-DO
~200

19

234G24
LTE 26 27 28
OFDM-based

21

technologies

2

Radio frequency bands

GPS

GERAN

8

9

1

18

25

22

33

35

36

37

38waveforms, transmission
7
10
11
12

20

34

39

40

41

42

43

modes, and UE categories
13

14

17

44

New LTE services, e.g.
LTE Broadcast, VoLTE

CDMA
1x

UMTS

Carrier Aggregation
combinations

TDSCDMA

LTE TDD

LTE FDD

2000+

modem features to-date
and counting
Source: Qualcomm Technologies Inc.

2012 LTE Multimode

Source: Qualcomm Technologies Inc.,

Today—LTE evolution

Tomorrow—5G and LTE evolution
19

Modem and RFFE leadership critical
Roadmap to 5G is significantly more complex and faster moving
From below
1 GHz to mmWave

Many more
spectrum
bands / types

OFDM adapted
to extremes

Licensed, shared
and unlicensed

Massive MIMO

FDD, TDD,
half duplex

More diverse
deployment
scenarios

Robust mmWave

Wideband to
narrowband

Device-to-device,
mesh, relay
Wide area to
hotspots

Advanced wireless
technologies

Mission-critical
and nominal traffic
High to no
mobility

A much
wider variation
of use cases

Source: Qualcomm Technologies Inc.

2012 LTE Multimode

Source: Qualcomm Technologies Inc.,

Today—LTE evolution

Tomorrow —5G and LTE evolution

20

Leading the world to 5G
A unifying connectivity fabric for the next decade and beyond

Connecting new
industries and devices

Empowering new
user experiences

Enabling new
services

Delivering new
levels of efficiency

21

Questions? - Connect with Us
www.qualcomm.com/wireless

www.qualcomm.com/news/onq
BLOG

@Qualcomm_tech

http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL8AD95E4F585237C1&feature=plcp
http://www.slideshare.net/qualcommwirelessevolution

Thank you
Follow us on:
For more information, visit us at:
www.qualcomm.com & www.qualcomm.com/blog
Nothing in these materials is an offer to sell any of the components or devices referenced herein.
©2016 Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. and/or its affiliated companies. All Rights Reserved.
Qualcomm and Snapdragon are trademarks of Qualcomm Incorporated, registered in the United States and other countries. Qualcomm VIVE is a product of
Qualcomm Atheros, Inc. Other products and brand names may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
References in this presentation to “Qualcomm” may mean Qualcomm Incorporated, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., and/or other subsidiaries or business units within
the Qualcomm corporate structure, as applicable. Qualcomm Incorporated includes Qualcomm’s licensing business, QTL, and the vast majority of its patent
portfolio. Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, operates, along with its subsidiaries, substantially all of Qualcomm’s
engineering, research and development functions, and substantially all of its product and services businesses, including its semiconductor business, QCT.