Ebb and Flow Hydroponic Systems

 Daz Dymond

Hydroponics, coming from the Greek language ‘hydro’ for water, and ‘ponics’ for labor, is used to specify a style of gardening that doesn’t require its roots in soil. Even though it doesn’t require any soil whatsoever, it still produces fabulous yields of fruits, vegetables and flowers. It works with a system of water, light and nutrients. There is no need for soil as basically soil only serves as a carrier for the nutrients that plants need. So Hydroponic Grow Systems tend to be efficient, rapid and produce high quality products.

Basically, there are 6 basic types of hydroponic systems:

  1. Wick
  2. Water Culture
  3. Ebb and Flow
  4. Drip (Recovery and Non-Recovery)
  5. N.F.T (Nutrient Film Technique)
  6. Aeroponic

There are many variations on these basic types of systems, but all hydroponic methods are a combination of these six. One of the most popular methods of hydroponics is the ebb and flow system.

With an ebb and flow style of hydroponics, plants are grown in a flat growing bed in which individual containers. These containers are filled with a growing medium to hold the plant’s root systems. Growing mediums range from, rockwool, peat moss, vermiculite, perelite or many other types of media available to gardeners today.

Beneath the flat growing bed is a container of hydroponic nutrients, which get dissolved in water. A pump causes these hydroponic nutrients to flow up into the bed, at regular intervals, which soaks the roots. This is usually achieved with a timer to control the frequency of these intervals. After this the solution drains, or ebbs, back into the container again. The net effect of this solution rising and then falling is to help bring both oxygen and food to the plant roots.

Maintenance of the hydroponic nutrients involves keeping the solution warm enough to ensure that the plants are not harmed. By this, I mean warm enough so as not to inhibit activity in the roots of the plant, yet not too warm to allow any detrimental bacteria growth in the solution. The Ebb and flow system does this by not allowing the hydroponic nutrients in solution to remain around the plant roots for too long.

Some of the benefits of the Ebb and Flow hydroponic grow system are that you do not need an air pump. This is due to the movement of the solution around the plant roots via the action of the pump, which provides sufficient oxygenation to the plant roots. Another advantage of Ebb and Flow is that due to the make up of the system, it uses less power and is quieter than other hydroponic grow systems.

Ebb and Flow systems' low maintenance, high productivity, and ease of use make them among the most popular hydroponic grow systems for not only the beginner, but also for the advanced gardener too.

Author: Darrell Dymond


Views: 3317
Domain: Energy
Category: Wind/Water/Geo

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