Processes and Technologies for Renewable Energy

Processes and Technologies for Renewable Energy

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Description: Production of CO/H2 mixtures by redox cycles of granular solids (metal oxides) carried out in a fluidized bed reactor directly irradiated by a concentrated solar source simulated by an array of Xe lamps. GREEN CHEMISTRY. H2 production by photocatalytic reforming based on a photo-catalyst (semiconductor solid, i.e.

TiO2) characterized by a low band gap (Eg) between the top of the valence band (VB) and the bottom of the conduction band (CB). .

 
Author: Institute for Research on Combustion  | Visits: 424 | Page Views: 573
Domain:  Green Tech Category: Biomass 
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Contents:
Processes and
Technologies for
Renewable Energy

Istituto di Ricerche sulla Combustione

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

THE REFERENCE CONTEXT

Solar Energy

Conventional Distributed Generation

Hybrid Bio-Solar
Distributed Generation

Deferred

Use

Immediate

Bio-Fuels

Solar Fuels
Biofuels 2nd and 3th
generation
Biofuels 1st generation

Hybrid/Integrated

Renewable Energy Sources

CHALLENGE
HORIZON 2020

LOW-COST AND LOW-CARBON
ELECTRIC ENERGY AND FUELS

COMPETENCE, METHODOLOGIES AND FACILITIES
Competence

Pyrolysis
Gasification
Catalysis
Combustion Diagnostics
Fluidization
Combustion Kinetics
Combustion
Chemical and Thermal
Plants
Numerical Simulation

Facilities

High-temperature lab-scale
plants,
Pilot scale prototypes,
HPC parallel Cluster,
Software,
GC,
Gas analyzers,
Analytical chemistry
laboratory

Methodologies

CFD Simulation,
Sampling and Chemical
Diagnostics,
Optical Diagnostics,
Modeling of Reactions
Kinetics.

Researchers
C. Allouis, P. Ammendola, R.
Chirone, M. Commodo, M.
de Joannon, I. Di Somma,
L. Lisi, F. S. Marra, F. Miccio,
P. Minutolo, R. Ragucci, G.
Ruoppolo, P. Sabia, R.
Solimene, M. Urciuolo

LINES OF ACTION
1 – BIOFUELS

COMBUSTION AND GASIFICATION
OF BIOFUELS

MICROGENERATION AND
COGENERATION SYSTEMS

2 – SOLAR ENERGY

CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER (CSP)

SOLAR FUELS

BioFuels Activity Line
Combustion and Gasification of Bio-Fuels
COMBUSTION AND GASIFICATION OF BIOMASS IN PILOT-SCALE
BUBBLING FLUIDIZED BED REACTORS
Basic research: mixing and segregation of fuel particles inside the bed and of
volatile matter in the splash zone
Applied research: optimization of thermal conversion process in terms of solid
and gaseous emissions with different types of biomass and bed materials
PRODUCTION OF SYNGAS BY PARTIAL OXIDATION OF BIOGAS IN
DILUTE CONDITIONS
Production of syngas from biogas (biomass and waste) for the synthesis of
liquid fuels to be used in the fields of transport and propulsion, by means of
Gas-To-Liquid (GTL) conversion processes of gaseous fuels.
Optimization of the syngas production process with appropriate CO/H2 ratio by
means of partial oxidation of biogas in MILD conditions.
DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF REACTION KINETICS OF GASEOUS AND
LIQUID BIO-FUELS
Characterization of reaction kinetics of gaseous and liquid bio-fuels, under
standard conditions and dilute conditions, using both numerical and
experimental approaches.
Detailed kinetic analysis: Parametric Continuation, Stream of Reactions, Rate
of Production, Sensitivity Analysis. Design and optimization of combustion
chambers for efficiency and environmental impact.

BioFuels Activity line
Bio-fuels combustion and gasification
Ethylene

20% EtOH

15% EtOH

30% EtOH

CHARACTERIZATION OF MICRONIC AND SUBMICRONIC SOLID
EMISSIONS

Fingerprint of the combustion aerosol: chemical and physical characterization of
carbonaceous solid particulate produced by bio-fuel combustion (oxyfuels).
Fields of interests:
1. - Atmospheric chemistry,
2. - Effects on human health,
3. - Particle reactivity (removal in DPF systems).

Systems for micro- and co-generation
MICRO-TURBINE COMBUSTION OF PURE LIQUID BIO-FUELS AND/OR
LIQUID BIO-FUELS AND HYDROCARBONS MIXTURES
Optimization of micro-turbine (100kWth) combustion of hydrocarbons/liquid biofuels mixtures. Study on the effect of combustion parameters on gaseous and
particulate emissions.
Micro-CHP
from
Renewable
Energy
Sources

DISTRIBUTED COGENERATION FROM BIOMASS AND SOLAR ENERGY
BY STIRLING OR RANKINE THERMODYNAMIC CYCLES
MEGARIS Project. Innovative micro-cogeneration system based on renewable
sources: solar energy and biomass. Electric energy production by a Stirling
engine coupled with a fluidized bed combustor fed with wood pellets or
heated by CSP.

SolarEnergy Activity Line
Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)
DEVELOPMENT OF CONCENTRATED SOLAR PLANTS BASED ON
FLUIDIZED BED CONFIGURATIONS

SOLTESS Project. Development of a cogeneration system from concentrated
solar power able to collect solar radiation, to storage thermal energy and to
exchange it for energy, steam or desalted water production. Development of
hybrid plants by integration of solar energy with thermochemical conversion of
biomass.

Solar fuels
PHOTO-CATALYTIC REFORMING OF ORGANIC COMPUONDS FOR
HYDROGEN PRODUCTION

TiO2 activation:
CH3OH oxidation:
HCHO oxidation:
HCOOH oxidation:
H+ ions reduction:

GREEN CHEMISTRY. H2 production by photo-catalytic reforming based on a
photo-catalyst (semi-conductor solid, i.e. TiO2) characterized by a low band gap
(Eg) between the top of the valence band (VB) and the bottom of the
conduction band (CB).
SYNGAS PRODUCTION BY THERMOCHEMICAL CYCLES
Production of CO/H2 mixtures by redox cycles of granular solids (metal oxides)
carried out in a fluidized bed reactor directly irradiated by a concentrated solar
source simulated by an array of Xe lamps.

RELEVANT PARTNERSHIPS/PROJECTS
With academy
• Partners:







Università di Napoli Federico II
Università degli Studi del Sannio
Seconda Università di Napoli
EERA Alliance on CSP

Funded Projects

– MAE Italia-Israele
– FP7 STAGE-STE

With companies
• Partners:





Magaldi
Aerosoft

Funded Projects

– SOLTESS (PON Project)
– MEGARIS (Italian Ministry for
Environment)

PERSPECTIVES
Medium and long term research issues




Growing energy demand from renewable sources
Greenhouse emissions abatement
Global (Bio and Solar Energy) and local (distributed energy generation and
cogeneration) energy self-sufficiency

Public funding






Horizon2020 calls
Italian Ministry MiSE calls
Italian Ministry for Environment calls
Local and Regional development calls
Education calls

Private funding




Emerging market penetration of innovative products (prototype development)
Energy self-sufficiency of manufacturing industry
Conversion processes of energy sources (BioRefinery)