Smart Cities - Concept, Definition, Challenges and Projects

Smart Cities - Concept, Definition, Challenges and Projects

Loading
Loading Social Plug-ins...
Language: English
Save to myLibrary Download PDF
Go to Page # Page of 31

Description: A Smart City connects human capital, social capital and ICT infrastructure in order to address public issues, achieve a sustainable development and increase the quality of life of its citizens. ICT FACTOR: Use of Information and Communication Technologies as a mean to achieve its objectives. ICT as tool for the improvement of the city.

.

 
Author: Andrea Torregrosa, Mario Martin  | Visits: 187 | Page Views: 347
Domain:  Green Tech Category: Environmental 
Upload Date:
Link Back:
Short URL: https://www.wesrch.com/energy/pdfTR1AU1000BYJV
Loading
Loading...



px *        px *

* Default width and height in pixels. Change it to your required dimensions.

 
Contents:
SMART CITIES:
CONCEPT, CHALLENGES AND PROJECTS

ASCIMER DOCUMENT

SMART CITIES: CONCEPT, CHALLENGES AND PROJECTS
1. INTRODUCTION
2. DEFINITION OF SMART CITY
2.1 BACKGROUND
2.2 SMART CITY DEFINITIONS
2.3 SMART CITY WORKING
DEFINITION
2.4 IMPLEMENTATION OF SMART CITY
PROJECTS
2.5 RELATED CONCEPTS
3. ACTION FIELDS
3.1 BACKGROUND
3.2 ACTION FIELDS DEFINITION
3.3 ACTION FIELDS CLASSIFICATION

4. CHALLENGES
4.1 CITY CHALLENGES
4.2 ACTION FIELDS AND
CHALLENGES
4.3 SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN CITIES
5. SMART CITY PROJECTS
5.1 RELATION BETWEEN SMART CITY
PROJECTS AND SMART CITIES
5.2 CLASSIFICATION OF SMART CITY
INITIATIVES
5.3 SITUATION OF SMART CITY
PROJECTS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN
REGION
6. REFERENCES

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

2

SMART CITY DEFINITION
WORKING DEFINITION

A Smart City connects human capital, social capital and ICT
infrastructure in order to address public issues, achieve a sustainable
development and increase the quality of life of its citizens.
SMART CITY GOALS





Achieve a sustainable development.
Increase the quality of life of its citizens.
Improve the efficiency of the existing and new infrastructure.

ICT FACTOR

Use of Information and Communication Technologies as a mean to
achieve its objectives. ICT as tool for the improvement of the city.

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

3

SUSTAINABLE vs
SMART

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT MODEL
EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

SMART DEVELOPMENT MODEL
4

SMART CITY DEFINITION
MAIN ACTORS





Government and city authorities.
Public-private partnerships.
Citizen participation.

SCOPE OF THE SMART CITY





Effects on the nearby settlements economically and socially connected.
Expansion to the whole region.
Regional and interregional networks.

IMPLEMENTATION OF SMART CITY PROJECTS






Pilot projects.
Global Smart City strategy + testing projects embraced on it.
High risk projects with long payback periods.
Difficulties to have access to traditional financial resources.

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

5

OTHER CITY CONCEPTS

RELATION BETWEEN OTHER CONCEPTS AND THE SMART CITY MODEL
EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

6

ACTION FIELDS
• Smart Governance
• Smart Economy
• Smart Mobility
• Smart Environment
• Smart People
• Smart Living

SMART CITY ACTION FIELDS. ICT AS COMMON ENABLER
EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

7

SMART CITY AREAS
SMART CITY ACTION FIELDS AND AREAS
SUSTAINABLE CITY
ASPECTS

CITY AXES

SMART CITY
ACTION FIELDS

SMART CITY AREAS
PARTICIPATION

economic

INSTITUTIONS

GOVERNANCE
ECONOMY

MOBILITY
environmental

HABITAT
ENVIRONMENT
PEOPLE

social

CITIZEN

LIVING

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

TRANSPARENCY
PUBLIC AND SOCIAL SERVICES
INNOVATION
ENTREPRENEURSHIP
TRAFFIC
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
ICT INFRASTRUCTURE
LOGISTICS
NETWORK AND ENVIRONMENTAL
MONITORING
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
DIGITAL EDUCATION
CREATIVITY
TOURISM & CULTURE
HEALTH & SAFETY
TECHNOLOGY ACCESIBILITY
8

CITY CHALLENGES
GOVERNANCE
Flexible
governance
Shrinking cities

ECONOMY
Unemployment
Shrinking cities

Combination
of formal and
informal
government

Economic
decline

Territorial
cohesion

Territorial
cohesion
Mono-sectorial
economy
Sustainable
local
economies
Social diversity
as source of
innovation

CITY CHALLENGES
MOBILITY
ENVIRONMENT
Sustainable Energy saving
mobility
Inclusive
Shrinking cities
mobility
Multimodal
Holistic
public
approach to
transport
environmental
systems
and energy
issues
Pollution

Pollution

Traffic
congestion

Urban sprawl

PEOPLE
Unemployment
Social cohesion
Poverty

Ageing
population
Social diversity
as source of
innovation

LIVING
Affordable
housing
Social
cohesion
Health
problems

Crime rate
Urban
sprawl

Non-car
mobility

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

9

CITY CHALLENGES
24 CITY CHALLENGES
17 one-field challenges

5 mobility

3 living

3 economy

2 governance

2 people

2 environment
7 multi-field challenges

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

10

CITY CHALLENGES
MEDITERRANEAN REGION

Urban population (%)

100%

Algeria

90%

Egypt

80%

EU

70%

Jordan

Israel
Lebanon

60%

Libya

50%

Morocco

40%

Syria

Palestine
Tunisia

Source

30%

World Bank

20%

1960

1970

1980

1990

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

2000

Turkey
World

2010
11

CITY CHALLENGES
MEDITERRANEAN REGION

SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN CITIES CHALLENGES











Slum proliferation
Urban violence and insecurity
Urban poverty
Climate change effects
Congestion + pollution
Lack of public transport
Water scarcity
High infrastructure deficits
Shortage in access to ICT
Scarcity of resources

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

12

CITY CHALLENGES
MEDITERRANEAN REGION

Internet users (%)
80%
70%
60%

Source

Algeria

World Bank
(last available)

Egypt
EU
Israel

50%

Jordan
Lebanon

40%

Libya

30%

Morocco

20%

Syria

Palestine
Tunisia

10%
0%

Turkey
World
2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

2010

2012
13

CITY CHALLENGES
MEDITERRANEAN REGION
HDI
95%

Human Development Index (%) – ICT Development Index

90%

Sources

85%

HDI: UNDP (2012)
IDI: ITU (2012)

EU

Israel

80%
75%

Tunisia Turkey Lebanon

Algeria

70%
65%

Jordan

Syria

60%

World

Egypt
Morocco

55%
50%

0

1

2

3

4
IDI

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

5

Palestine and Libya:
no data (IDI)
6

7

8
14

CITY CHALLENGES

MEDITERRANEAN REGION
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN
CITIES CHALLENGES
Providing basic services
looking forward to
future challenges

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

15

SMART CITY PROJECTS
ACTION
AREA
FIELD

GOVERNANCE

SMART

PARTICIPATION
TRANSPARENCY

SMART CITY INITIATIVE
Complaints and suggestions
Participation in decision-making
Open Data
Municipal transparency
e-municipality
City Council on social networks

PUBLIC AND SOCIAL SERVICES

GIS
Social and City services information

SMART
ECONOMY

Smart Justice
INNOVATION
ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Innovation Centre
e-commerce
Business centre
job-search resource centres

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

18

SMART CITY PROJECTS
ACTION
AREA
FIELD

SMART CITY INITIATIVE
Variable Traffic Management

TRAFFIC

Traffic monitoring
Traffic control

SMART MOBILITY

Public Transportation App
Card of Public Transportation
Intelligent bus stops
PUBLIC TRANSPORT

Car sharing
Public bicycles
Electric bus
Tramway
Parking sensors

ICT INFRASTRUCTURE

Parking information
NFC payment

LOGISTICS

Smart Logistics

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

19

SMART CITY PROJECTS
ACTION
AREA
FIELD

SMART CITY INITIATIVE

SMART ENVIRONMENT

environmental Information and alerts
NETWORK AND ENVIRONMENTAL Containers with sensors
MONITORING
Monitoring distribution networks
App with incidents
Recharging electric vehicles
Energy efficient in buildings
ENERGY EFFICIENCY

intelligent Lighting
Smart grids
Irrigation remote control
Renewables
District heating and cooling

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

20

SMART CITY PROJECTS

SMART
PEOPLE

ACTION
AREA
FIELD
DIGITAL EDUCATION

SMART CITY INITIATIVE
Centre for learning new technologies
Internet in schools

CREATIVITY

Centre for creating apps
event information

TOURISM & CULTURE

tourism app

LIVING

SMART

e-health
HEALTH & SAFETY

accessibility in public places
Telecare
video surveillance
free wifi

TECHNOLOGY ACCESIBILITY

optical fibre
citizen card

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

21

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

“ISTANBUL HARETEK HALINDE” (ISTANBUL IN MOTION)

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

22

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

IBM RESEARCH CENTRE (HAIFA)

LEAKAGE AND DEMAND FORECASTING
WATER QUALITY

SMARTER WATER PROJECT

HIGH AVAILABILITY
AUTOMATED WATER MANAGEMENT

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

23

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

HALUZA SMART CITY (PROJECT STAGE)

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

24

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

NEW CITY-BUILDING PROJECTS
Casa Green Town (MA)
Tunis Smart City (TN)
Smart Village (EG)
Abdali District (JO)
Raoued (TN)
El Jadida (MA)

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

25

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

E-MUNICIPALITY SERVICES (TOP-DOWN)

TEL AVIV

BURSA

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

26

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

E-GOVERNMENT (TOP-DOWN)

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

27

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

MOBILITY PROJECTS

Public Bicycles
NFC

Tramway

Traffic
monitoring

Public
Transport
App

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

28

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECTS

Energy
efficiency in
buildings

Renewables
Environmental
information and
alerts
Intelligent
lighting
Monitoring
distribution
networks
EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

29

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

MOBILE APP: “BEIRUT ELECTRICITY CUT OFF” (BOTTOM-UP)

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

30

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

Smart City projects found in South Mediterranean Cities

Weighted Score

9
8
7
6

LIVING
PEOPLE
ENVIRONMENT
MOBILITY
ECONOMY
GOVERNANCE

5
4
3
2
1
0

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

31

SMART CITY PROJECTS
SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

SMART CITY PROJECTS FOUND IN SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN REGION

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

32

¡THANK YOU FOR
YOUR ATTENTION!
Andrea Torregrosa

Researcher at TRANSyT UPM

Mario Martín

Researcher at TRANSyT UPM

EIBURS PROGRAM.
ASCIMER. ASSESING SMART CITY INITIATIVES FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

33