Directional Lighting  Eco-design requirements

Directional Lighting Eco-design requirements

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Description: Eco design for Energy using Products Directive, Supplemental Analysis of Directional Lamps, International MEPS Review, Beam Angles and Directional Lamps, Review of Sales and Inventory Estimates, Distinction Between Residential and Tertiary, Other Review of ELC/CELMA Comments, Directional Lamp MEPS Australia, Directional Lamp MEPS USA, Directional Lamp MEPS, Directional Lamp Test Procedure, Directional Lamp Test Procedure Australia, LED Test Methods and White Papers.

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Directional Lighting � informing forthcoming Eco-design requirements f th i E d i i t
Steven Mills UK Department for Environment, Food
and Rural Affairs (Defra) ( ) @ g g

Arani Mylvaganam UK Market Transformation
Programme P i l @ k 9 June 2010

Aims for the day

� Collaborative work between Defra, eceee and the Swedish Energy Agency � to build upon p p gy g y p preparatory Commission y study (Vito, 2009) � Aim to discuss the emerging conclusions with all stakeholders � Will seek written feedback by 23 June 2010 to (on Tasks I � III) � Commission to consider in parallel with Vito Study


� Eco-design for Energy-using Products Framework Directive ( (2005) allows setting of standards on p ) g products � Obligations on manufacturers in their product design � St d d set so f on a range of products including Standards t far f d t i l di lighting, white goods, TVs, motors, stand-by... more to come � Chief focus to date on setting energy efficiency requirements, though can focus on all life-cycle q , g y environmental impacts � Measures agreed by Member State experts after process of consultation


� Regulations set on "non-directional household lamps" ( g (Regulation 244/2009) � phase out of incandescents ) p � "Tertiary lighting" (Regulation 245/2009) on street and office lighting � Commission now working to capture directional lighting and luminaires � Preparatory study carried out for Commission in 2009, with p y y , stakeholder meeting May 2009 � Key opportunity to begin the journey towards LED lighting

Format for the day

� Task I � International Review of MEPs � Task II � Beam Angles and Directional Lamps � (Lunch) ( ) � Task V � Technological prospects for LED lamps � Task III � Review of sales and inventory estimates

� T k IV � outline of f t Task tli f future work on the k th distinction

Format for the day

� Focus on tasks as presented today (Tasks I � III available on-line) � Task V has been circulated in draft � Task IV not yet begun
� Wider and detailed technical issues should be taken off-line

� Informal discussion led by UK initial comments on ELC / CELMA position � Welcome stakeholder comments in writing to info@mtprog com by 23 June to inform Commission s Commission's thinking

Nils Borg � European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy y

Andras Toth � DG TREN (Unit D3) Energy Efficiency of Products & Intelligent Energy y g gy Europe

Delegate introductions

Mike Scholand � Navigant Consulting Europe

Kathryn Conway � Conway and Silver Consulting

Round up

� Pl Plenary � k i key issues? ?

Round up

� Nil B Nils Borg � eceee

Round up

� R Rene K Kenma � VHK

UK comments on ELC/CELMA positions (March 2010)

Mike Scholand � Navigant Consulting

Final remarks

� Written comments by 23 June to

� Comments on Tasks V and IV appreciated

� Thanks for participation!

� (Please return your name badges!)

Ecodesign for Energyusing Products Directive: Products Directive: Supplemental Analysis of Supplemental Analysis of Directional Lamps
9th June 2010

Michael Scholand g g p Navigant Consulting Europe Woolgate Exchange, 5th Floor 25 Basinghall Street London, EC2V 5HA Tel: +44 (0)7917 523 879

Disclaimer Content of this Report
This report was prepared by Navigant1 Consulting Europe, Ltd. for the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), the Swedish Energy Agency and the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (eceee), who supported this effort. The views expressed reflect the research findings and interpretation of Navigant Consulting Europe, and do not necessarily reflect g p g g p y the policy or opinions of Defra, the Swedish Energy Agency or eceee. This report represents Navigant Consulting Europe's best efforts and judgments based on the information available at the time this report was prepared. Navigant Consulting Europe is not responsible for the reader's use of, or reliance upon, the report, nor any decisions based on the report. NAVIGANT CONSULTING p p y p EUROPE MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. Readers of the report are advised that they assume all liabilities incurred by them, or third parties, as a result of their reliance on the report, or the data, information, findings and opinions contained in the report.
1 "Navigant" is a service mark of Navigant International, Inc. Navigant Consulting Europe, Ltd., a

wholly owned subsidiary of Navigant Consulting, Inc. (NCI) is not affiliated, associated, or in any way connected with Navigant International, Inc. and NCI's use of "Navigant" is made under license from Navigant International, Inc.


Table of Contents

Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Task 4 Other

International MEPS Review Beam Angles and Directional Lamps Review of Sales and Inventory Estimates y Distinction Between Residential and Tertiary Review of ELC/CELMA Comments


Table of Contents

Task 1 1.1 1.2 1.3

International MEPS Review Directional Lamp MEPS Directional Lamp Test Procedure p LED Test Methods and White Papers


1.1 Directional Lamp MEPS

Three countries that regulate directional lamps � Australia, Canada and the United States.
Country Australia MEPS AS NZS 4934.2(Int)-2008 Incandescent lamps for general lighting services Minimum Energy Performance Standards CSA C862-01 Performance of incandescent reflector Lamps (Table 1) Adopted March 2008 (Interim) Effective Oct. 2010 Oct. Oct 2012 April 1996 Jan. 2003 Jan. 2003 Nov. Nov 1995 July 2012 Lamp Types* Low-voltage halogen Mains voltage reflector lamps oltage Incandescent and halogen reflector lamps BR lamps; ER lamps other than ER lamps with a nominal power of 50, 75 or 120 W ER lamps with a nominal power of 50, 75 or 120 W Incandescent and halogen reflector lamps Incandescent and halogen reflector lamps


Nov. 1995 April 2003 April 2003 EPACT 1992 July 2009


CSA C862-01 Performance of incandescent reflector Lamps (Table 2) 10 CFR 430 32(n)(4) 430.32(n)(4) 10 CFR 430.32(n)(5)


* Note: at the highest level, these are the categories of lamp types covered, however within each regulatory authority, there are specific scopes of coverage.

1.1 Directional Lamp MEPS Australia

Australia's scope of coverage includes incandescent and halogen directional lamps.
� ELV halogen reflector these lamps have the following attributes: (a) Shapes: MR 1116. (b) Caps: Bipin. (c) Nominal voltage: 5�24 V (inclusive). Mains voltage reflector (including halogen) these lamps have the following attributes: (a) Tungsten filament or tungsten halogen lamp burner, with reflector. (b) Shapes: PAR, ER, R, RE, XR, YR, ZR or MR 1116. (c) Caps: E14, E26, E27, B15, B22d or GU10. (d) Nominal voltage >220 V. (e) Not including primary coloured lamps.


1.1 Directional Lamp MEPS Australia

Australia's efficiency regulation exceeds that of a basic halogen level.

� �

Initial efficacy shall be 2.8 ln(L) - 4.0 where L = initial luminous flux Mandatory for all ELV halogen reflector lamps beginning in October 2010 and for Mandatory for all ELV halogen reflector lamps beginning in October 2010 and for all mains voltage reflector lamps beginning in October 2012

1.1 Directional Lamp MEPS Canada

Canada's scope of coverage includes incandescent and halogen directional lamps, and is largely harmonised with the USA.
"General service incandescent reflector lamp means an incandescent reflector lamp (a) with an R bulb shape, a PAR bulb shape or a bulb shape similar to R or PAR that is neither ER nor BR, as described in ANSI C79.1, (b) with an E26/24 single contact or E26/50 � 89 skirted, medium screw base, (c) with a nominal voltage or voltage range that lies at least partially between 100 volts and 130 volts, (d) with a diameter greater than 70 mm (2.75 inches), and (e) that has a nominal power of not less than 40W and not more than 205W, but does not include coloured lamps or other special purpose lamps such as rough and vibration service, neodymium oxide and shatter resistant.


1.1 Directional Lamp MEPS Canada

There are certain directional lamps that are not covered in Canada, such as the popular MR16 lamp.
� Reflector lamps with base types other than E26 medium screw base, such as common MR11 and MR16 lamps: 2Pin GU5.3; GU10, GX5.3 and G4; in addition to candelabra and other screw bases smaller than E26. � Compact fluorescent reflector lamps, ceramic metal halide reflector p p , lamps or LED reflector lamps that may be used as replacements for certain halogen directional lamps because the definition of incandescent reflector lamp only applies to heatedfilament lamps. � Certain BR and ER lamps, which exclude the popular 65 watt rated model. .


1.1 Directional Lamp MEPS Canada

The Canadian regulations are largely harmonised with the USA, apart from the 60 to 66 watt lamps.
Table of Existing Canadian Regulations on Incandescent Reflector Lamps
Nominal Lamp Wattage 40-50 51-59 60-85 60 85 86-115 116-155 156-205 Minimum average lamp efficacy (lm/W) 10.5 11.0 12.5 12 5 14.0 14.5 15.0

* Note that this regulation will not apply to BR30 (95mm) and BR40 (127mm) lamps of 50 watts or less and BR30 and BR40 lamps of 65 watts which are excluded by definition.


1.1 Directional Lamp MEPS Canada

The new proposed Canadian regulations provide for a higher efficacy requirement.
Table of Proposed Canadian Regulations on Incandescent Reflector Lamps
Rated Lamp Wattage 40 � 205 Lamp Spectrum Standard Spectrum Lamp Diameter > 63.5 mm (2.5 (2 5 inches) 63.5 mm (2.5 inches) 40 � 205 Modified Spectrum* > 63.5 mm (2.5 inches) 63.5 mm (2.5 inches) Rated Voltage 125 V 50V

1.3 LED Test Methods and White Papers NEMA

National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) publishes technical standards, guides and papers.
� NEMA's lighting standard division "LSD" prepares industry standards for solidstate lighting "SSL". NEMA's current standards that pertain to LEDs: � NEMA LSD 442009: "The Need for a New Generation of Sockets and Interconnects" � NEMA LSD 452009: "Recommendations for SolidState Lighting Sub Assembly Interfaces for Luminaires" � NEMA LSD 492010, SolidState Lighting for Incandescent Replacement-- Best Practices for Dimming. � NEMA/ALA LSD51: "Solid State Lighting--Definitions for Functional and Decorative Applications" � NEMA SSL1: "Electric Drivers for LED Devices, Arrays, or Systems" � NEMA SSL3: "High Power White LED Binning for General Illumination" g g � NEMA SSL4: "Form Factors" � NEMA SSL6: "Solid State Lighting for Incandescent Replacement � g ( g , y ) Dimming" (working title, may be revised).

1.3 LED Test Methods and White Papers UL

Underwriters Laboratories (UL) provides safety certifiction and testing standards for thousands of products, including LEDs.
� UL Marks appear on over 20 billion products in Asia, Europe and North America. UL has been operating in the lighting industry for over a century. UL currently has the following safety standard that relates to LEDs: � UL 8750: "Safety Standard for Light Emitting Diode (LED) Equipment for Use in Lighting Products for Use in Lighting Products" � UL 1598: "Luminaires" � UL 153: "Portable Electric Luminaires" � UL 1012 "P UL 1012: "Power Units Other than Class 2" U it Oth th Cl 2" � UL 1310: "Class 2 Power Units" � UL 1574: "Track Lighting Systems" � UL 2108: "Low Voltage Lighting Systems" � UL 609501: "Information Technology Equipment--Safety--Part 1: General Requirements"


1.3 LED Test Methods and White Papers � Zhaga and CITADEL

Zhaga is working to standardise LED light interconnections (sockets). CITADEL is focusing on LED use in buildings.
� Zhaga Consortium is a new (February 2010) industryinitiated group set up to discuss and develop LED interconnects. � Membership includes Cooper, Philips, Toshiba, OSRAM, Panasonic, Zumtobel, Acuity Brands, Havells Sylvania, General Electric and Tyco Electronics. � The standards will address physical dimensions, as well as the photometric, electrical and thermal behaviour of LED light engines. h l l d h lb h f ED l h CITADEL1 Programme � a French R&D initiative consisting of the French Centre for Building Science and Technology (CSTB), the major French academic lighting laboratories and Philips LightingFrance. d i li hti l b t i d Phili Li hti F � Studying use of LEDs in buildings; a 3yr project started March 2009 � Partly modelled after the US DOE's CALiPER programme, and will work to develop protocols and benchmarking of LEDs k d l l db h k f E � Will define new metrics and measures of visual comfort and colour rendering for LEDs

1Caract�risation de lInt�gration et de la Durabilit� des Dispositifs dEclairage � LED dans le B�timent


Contact Information

Michael Scholand Michael Scholand Associate Director phone: +44.7917.523.879