Hydrogen Energy toward high value-added Industry for Ulsan

Hydrogen Energy toward high value-added Industry for Ulsan

Loading
Loading Social Plug-ins...
Language: English
Save to myLibrary Download PDF
Go to Page # Page of 26

Description: Ulsan is the industrial powerhouse of South Korea- The world's largest automobile assembly plant(Hyundai Motor), shipyard(Hyundai Heavy Industries), oil refinery(SK Energy). Petrochemical Industry in Ulsan- Especially, petrochemical industry covers 55% of the total industrial output in Ulsan. Paradigm shift in Energy Industry- Energy paradigm shift toward hydrogen has been the needs of times.

New Industries from by-product Gases- Ulsan is supporting green industries by utilizing by-product gases(CO2 , H2) from petrochemical complex to renewable sources.

 
Author: Hang-soo Woo PhD (Senior) | Visits: 614 | Page Views: 809
Domain:  Green Tech Category: Battery & Fuel Cell 
Upload Date:
Link Back:
Short URL: https://www.wesrch.com/energy/pdfTR1YL6000OKBS
Loading
Loading...



px *        px *

* Default width and height in pixels. Change it to your required dimensions.

 
Contents:
Green Industry Conference, 28-30 June 2016

Hydrogen Energy toward high
value-added Industry for Ulsan

Dr. Woo, Hang-soo
Research and Development Centre Manager
New Energy Technology Institute
Ulsan Technopark

Main Industry of Ulsan
Petro-chemistry

Automobile

Marine shipbuilding

per capita GRDP
USD 53,100

USD 25,600

S.Korea

Ulsan

Nation’s 1st (2014)
Export
16.1%

USD 92.4 billion

Ulsan is the industrial powerhouse of South Korea.

Nation’s 1st (2014)

- The world's largest automobile assembly plant(Hyundai Motor), shipyard(Hyundai Heavy
Industries), oil refinery(SK Energy).

Petrochemical Industry in Ulsan

Naphtha

Fuels

Olefins

Lubricants

Aromatics

Oxo alcohols

Alternate CFCs

Benzene

Toluene

Xylene

Cyclohexane

Vinyl acetate

TDI

PTA, PA

Alkyl amines

Aniline
Styrene

Especially, petrochemical industry covers 55% of the total industrial output
in Ulsan.

Paradigm shift in Energy Industry
Wood

Coal

Oil

Natural
Hydrogen
Gas

WOOD ENERGY
Steam engine

COAL ENERGY

OIL ENERGY

C

NATURAL GAS
ENERGY

H
C=Carbon
H=Hydrogen

Internal
combustion
engine

Fuel cell

HYDROGEN
ENERGY

Energy paradigm shift toward hydrogen has been the needs of times.

New Industries from by-product Gases
Green Polymers

CO2

Amorphous
Polymer

Eco-friendly
Polymers

By-product gas
- Collection
- Purification
- Transfer

Green Energy
Power plant

Petrochemical complex

Residential
H2

Fuel Cell

Transportation
Portable

Ulsan is supporting green industries by utilizing by-product gases(CO2, H2)
from petrochemical complex to renewable sources.

Why H2 energy is valuable in Ulsan?
▣ General aspect
○ Global warming
- CO2 concentration in air : 280 ppm (before industrialization) → 379 ppm (present) → Temp. increase 2~4.5 oC
- Climate Change & Natural Disaster : Water shortage, flood & extinction of species

○ Oil Depletion
- Expected Peak Oil : Future limitations on oil discovery and production
- Oil consumption annual growth rate (’00~’20) : China 4.1%, India 3.8%
Environmental & Energy issues

▣ Ulsan’s new growth engine
○ Limitation in economic growth from current industrial system
- The growth strategy of relying solely on current manufacturing and exporting
goods has reached its limit on all fronts.
- Ulsan is searching an alternative development model based on “Hydrogen
energy“.

○ Ideal conditions for hydrogen industry siting

Nation’s largest H2 production region

- Ulsan covers 60 % of 1.5 million tons of H2 produced within the country.
- “Green Hydrogen Town" : a community of 140 families using fuel cells.
- The world first mass-production model FCEV of Hyundai Motor is
manufactured in Ulsan since 2013.

World’s 1st massproduction of FCEV

World’s largest
H2 town

Value-chains of Hydrogen Industry
Production

FCEV, H2 refueling station

Fuel cell power plant

By-product hydrogen

Renewable Energy Reforming

Transfer
Mechanical components

Trailer

Fuel cell stack

Pipeline

Storage

Tank

Solid materials

H2 refueling station

Smart grid

Conformity of by-product H2 Industry
Recycling

 Reutilization of by-product H2 as Eco-friendly Energy source
 Transformation of by-product CO2 to Eco-friendly product

CO2

 Innovative and ultimate route to reduce CO2

reduction

 Profits as CERs(certified emission reductions)

Conformity
(Policy)

Ulsan’s
condition

 Compatibility to Nation’s policy “Low carbon & green growth”
 Achievement of original technology based on by-product gases
 Upgrade chemical industry by a higher value-added technologies

 Hub of petro-chemistry and transportation industries
 Regional merits to get by-product gases with large industrial complex
 Representative city to lead nation’s new energy and high value industries

How to produce H2?

Production method/source

Reforming : Oil, Coal, Gas, Alcohol

Water Electrolysis

Most of H2 produced in the world is from
oil, natural gas and coal.
Technological advance will lead to increase
the portion of water electrolysis.

What is a Fuel cell?
Fuel cells are electrochemical devices that convert chemical energy
of reaction directly into electrical energy.

 H2 + 1/2O2 → H2O + Electricity + Heat
 Output: DC Voltage
 Potential: ≈ 1 volt/cell
 Anode ≡ the electrode that
emits electrons (negative)

 Cathode ≡ the electrode that
receives electrons (positive)

Fuel Cell for stationary application
Large-scale fuel cell power plant is constructed for supplying electricity
and heat to local area.
Small-scale fuel cells are used for individual houses and buildings to
provide independent electricity and heat with better energy efficiency.

Fuel cell power plant (sub-MW~MW)

Residential and building (1~100kW)

Commercialization of FCEV
Category

Model
MIRAI

CLARITY

-

Tucson ix FCEV

Year

2014

2016

2017 예정

2013

Accumulated sales

890 (`16. 05)

-

-

489 (`16. 05)

Manufacturer

Toyota (Japan)

Honda (Japan)

Benz (Germany)

Hyundai (Korea)

Driving range

650km

750km

-

594km

Cost

~$53,000

~$67,000

-

~$70,000

FCEV

In 2013 Hyundai motor released world’s first commercial type FCEV at Ulsan.

Ulan = the hub of Hydrogen industry
Hyundai Motor’ FCEV
(World’s 1st mass production)

For electric vehicles
Fuel Cell Test Complex

Hydrogen Town

(Demonstration of product)

(World’s Largest magnitute)

For residential scale

For building, power plant scale

Leading Hydrogen Energy
Industry
Ulsan is the only city to invest on three kind of Hydrogen fuel cell
industries in Korea. (Car, residential and larger scale applications)

FCEV demonstration with Hyundai
Ulsan city has made an effort to expand the FCEV infrastructure and
commercialize FCEV with Hyundai motor.
Construction and managing of FCEV
monitoring & maintenance system
 Training for experts in FCEV maintenance
 Publicity activities (trial ride)
 Provide driving and maintenance data to
Hyundai motor
 Commercialization of FCEV in 2013


Education for FCEV mechanics

Repair shop for FCEV

Hydrogen refueling station

Publicity event for FCEV

FCEV demonstration with Hyundai
Currently, Ulsan city is running 9 FCEVs as official vehicles.
(Tucson : 8EA, Bus : 1EA)
Additional 35 FCEVs will be provided to the corporations located in
Ulsan.

Ulsan Hydrogen town
Ulsan is operating the world’s largest H2 town powered by fuel cells.
5kW x 2EA

Total 195kW for 140 households

• Total budget
: $7.3M
• Period
: `12~`18
• Participant

1kW X 140EA
5kW x 2EA
10kW x 1EA

Ulsan Hydrogen town
▣ Installation of Fuel cells by domestic suppliers
5 kW
1 kW

1 kW

1 kW

Residential micro CHP

10 kW

Larger building application
Hydrogen pipeline connection

Ulsan Hydrogen town
▣ Advertising Hydrogen technology to the public

Over 2,000 people have visited Ulsan hydrogen town so far from various
organization.

Ulsan Fuel cell demonstration complex
Leading to Global Hydrogen Economy and
Hydrogen Industry Hub

Construction of Demonstration complex
For research of hydrogen and fuel cells
commercialization and PEMFC system demonstration

Hydrogen &
Fuel cell
Research Center

Hydrogen
Quality
Test Center

Project
management

1MW PEMFC
system
demonstration

5MW fuel cell
test-bed and
Hydrogen
Pipeline

Ulsan Fuel cell demonstration complex

1MW PEMFC test platform

4MW fuel cell test platform
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell
Research Center

Ulsan Fuel cell demonstration complex
▣ Hydrogen pipeline

º Diameter = 100 mm(4 inch)
º Distance = About 4.5 km
º Pressure
- Petrochemical Complex : 20kg/cm2
- Test –bed : < 10kg/cm2
º Start point
- Petrochemical Complex exit 3
º Design based on the Korean High
Pressure Gas Safety Law

Other actives in preparation
▣ Supply 4,000 FCEVs in Ulsan (~2020)

 Plan of Korean government (Ministry of Environment)
Category

'16∼'20

'21∼'25

'26∼'30

'31∼'50

FCEV (thousand EA)

10(10)

91(100)

530 (630)

6,370 (7,000)

Hydrogen station (EA)

80(100)

130(210)

310(520)

980(1,500)

 Plan of Ulsan
Category

'15

'16

'17

'18

‘19

`20

Total

FCEV (EA)

8

35

57

100

300

3500

4,000

Hydrogen station (EA)

1

2

2

2

2

3

12

- Ulsan city has decided to provide the biggest amount of subsidy to FCEV consumers
among local governments.
- FCEVs will be used for public transportations (Bus, Taxi) step by step.
- Ulsan city is also trying to build more hydrogen refueling stations yearly.

Other actives in preparation
▣ Hydrogen pipeline toward downtown area

H2

Public garage

15km

Ulsan
Technopark

H2

6km
Hyundai Motor

7km
Public garage

1km

H2

H2

H2
Fuel cell demonstration
complex

2km

6km
Operating

Confirmed

Plan

~30km

Vision of Ulsan

Ulsan

Transition toward Energy Industry

?

?
DeltaⅠ
(Rice, Iron, Salt)

Delta Ⅱ

?

(Chemistry, Auto, ship)

New Delta Project
(E-HUB Project)

E- HUB Project

EV

(Energy HUB)

Elec. Supply

H2 Control

Material Tech

Material Tech

Petro. Complex

Control tower

Material Tech

FCEV
Material Tech

LNG Storage
Home

Office

OIL
1

1. Upgrading industry
(Chemicals,Automobiles,Ship buildings)
2. Reconversion to Energy industry
3. Integration of Finace & Distribution
4. Converged industry with ICT industry
5. Eco-safe industry complex

2

3
3

1. Natural Gas Purification
2. Manufacturing of Reforming Hydrogen
3. Fuel Cell through Power generation

GAS
(Shale Gas, PNG)

Eco-friendely
Resources
Recycle System

Thank you!