Diseases and How to Manage Them

  Aug 07, 2018

Unfortunately, more than half of Americans suffer from a chronic illness or disease. Here are a few of the most common and how to deal with them on a daily basis:

Heart Disease/Cardiovascular Disease

What is it? Heart disease and cardiovascular disease are caused by a myriad of factors: genetics, obesity, diet, activity level, stress, smoking, and more. Heart disease includes conditions such as heart attacks, angina, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmia, and heart failure, to name a few.

Symptoms: These may include one or several of the following:

  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fast heart rate
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Numbness, pain or weakness in arms or legs

When to see the doctor: It is extremely important to see your doctor immediately if any one of the above symptoms occurs. If the symptoms are severe, you may have to visit the emergency room at your nearest hospital. The doctor will perform several tests to make a proper diagnosis. These may include:

  • ECG
  • EKG
  • Stress test

Managing the disease: Cardiovascular and heart diseases can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes. Medications could include blood thinners, digoxin, ACE Inhibitors or Beta Blockers. Your doctor will prescribe medications for your particular condition and may refer you to a cardiologist for regular check-ups. Lifestyle changes include diet (no more fast food!), reducing stress levels (perhaps consider early retirement), and exercise (walking the dog every day or riding your bike around the block).


This is an autoimmune disease that involves the body’s immune system. The immune system goes into the hyperactive mode and then attacks normal, healthy tissue because it cannot tell the difference between antigens and healthy tissue. This can lead to long-term issues such as damage to the joints, kidneys, lungs, and heart. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. More than 90% of those with Lupus are women.


  • Inflammation and swelling
  • Painful joints
  • Fever
  • Butterfly-shaped rash across the cheeks and nose
  • Skin lesions that appear after sun exposure
  • Extreme fatigue

When to see the doctor: If you experience these symptoms over a prolonged period of time. Your doctor will perform a lupus test, among others to ensure a proper diagnosis.

Managing the disease: Sudden worsening of lupus symptoms is known as a flare or flare-up. In order to manage the disease on a day-to-day basis, and avoid flare-ups, consider the following:

  • Reduce stress as much as possible
  • Exercise, both to reduce stress and keep joints healthy
  • Eat a heart-healthy diet, which includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole-grains
  • Get your sleep, at least 6-8 hours per night
  • Limit sun exposure; if you are out in the sun, wear plenty of sunscreens
  • Limit your alcohol and tobacco consumption

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is on the rise; it’s also one of the more difficult diseases to diagnose because the symptoms are similar to those of several other diseases. Across the U.S., more than 30,000 cases of Lyme Diseases are reported each year. Lyme disease is caused by the bacteria Borrelia, which is spread by ticks. It is more common in the Northern Hemisphere. Research is ongoing, as to how to diagnose, treat and manage the disease.

Symptoms: The most common symptom is the tell-tale bulls-eye rash, where the tick bite occurred; however, not everyone gets the rash. Other symptoms include fatigue, neck stiffness, memory loss, severe headaches and even seizures.

When to see the doctor: If you experience any or all of these symptoms, see your doctor immediately. Pay close attention when you’re outdoors in a wooded or high-grass area. Wear long sleeves, socks, and other clothing to protect yourself. It’s also important to check your pet when he/she comes indoors.

Once a positive diagnosis has been reached, your doctor may prescribe a series of antibiotics. It is important to make a diagnosis as early as possible, for best and lasting results.

Managing the disease: Taking your medication as prescribed by your doctor is one of the best treatment and management options for Lyme disease. Other management strategies include rest, a healthy diet and low-impact exercise like walking.

With many diseases and illnesses on the rise, it’s more important than ever to take care of yourself, both inside and out. Eat healthily, get plenty of rest and exercise daily. Diet and lifestyle are critical to staying healthy over the long term and can help prevent a plethora of conditions like heart disease and diabetes. Innovations and research in the medical field are also helping to keep people alive and healthy longer.

Diseases and How to Manage Them


Asif is Experienced professional in digital marketing he serve industry since last 7 years. he have strong digital marketing skills such as content writing, blog post etc.

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