Everything About Brown Recluse Spider: Bite, Symptoms and Preventive Measures

 Kevin Brown
  Jan 04, 2019

There are almost 40000 different spider species in the world. It is a bit overwhelming to have knowledge about all these spiders right? But least you can do is have information about the spiders that inhabit your household. Brown recluse spider is one such spider species that are commonly found around the house. These spiders generally prefer residing in warm, dry and dark places like wood piles, basements, and closets. Brown recluse bites are rare but sometimes they can result in serious wounds. These spiders are found in Southern Europe, temperate Africa, and in North, Central and South America.

Recluse Spider

Physical Characteristics

Adult Brown recluse spiders are generally ¼ to ½ inches long and their color ranges from tan to dark brown. They usually have darker violin shaped markings on dorsum or top of cephalothoraxes. They have six eyes arranged in a semicircle in three groups of two each. Young spiderlings look similar to adult spiders but have paler skin tone.

Inside the house, brown recluse spiders are generally found in undisturbed areas. They spin the webs but not for catching the prey but mostly for retreat. They prey primarily on insects like cockroaches and crickets. They would never go for prey that is bigger than them unless it is dead. Outdoors, they are found around rocks, utility boxes, and woodpiles.

Brown Recluse Spider Bites

Brown recluse spiders are not aggressive; they never bite humans intentionally but can bite when they feel trapped. It can happen when a brown spider is residing inside your shoes, closet, or some box in the attic or basement and you reach there. They usually hide during the day and come out at night to hunt for insects.

The brown recluse spider bite is not felt but can cause an immediate stinging sensation followed by intense pain. A small blister appears at that place and surrounding area becomes swollen. Sometimes it might take several hours for symptoms to develop.

You can experience additional symptoms like restlessness, fever, nausea, intense itching at the site of the bite, chills, and difficulty in sleeping soon after the bite. The site of the bite will become deep purple or blue color and will be surrounded by a whitish ring and red area after 12 to 36 hours after the bite. Their bites are not deadly but they take around three weeks to heal. The venom can cause a dead tissue which results in an ulcerating type of sore. It is advised to rush to the doctor or emergency room as soon as you discover you have been bitten by the brown recluse spider.

Avoid Brown Recluse Spider Bite

It is best to carry out required measures to protect yourself from brown recluse spider bites. To stop them from climbing into your bed, move your bed away from walls. Keep shoes and clothing off floors and do not forget to shake them before wearing. Wear gloves while sorting through boxes or materials stored in the garage or basement. When you store items in garage or basement, keep them in tightly sealed boxes.

Preventive Measures

To prevent the menace that brown recluse can cause, prevent them from entering your house. Outdoors, they reside in barns, sheds, woodpiles and under things that laying on the ground. Inspect inside as well as outside of your house, check for any openings or holes. Immediately seal such openings with silicone caulk to prevent brown recluse spiders from entering your house. Find out their hiding places using the bright flashlight. Reduce clutter inside the house so that they will get fewer places to hide. Look for them beneath the beds, furniture, closets, clothing, shoes and stored items. You can use glue traps to capture these spiders. These glue traps are flat, sticky cards that are also used to capture mice and cockroaches. Place these glue traps throughout the house in the areas where the brown recluse spiders are abundant. If glue traps prove insufficient to eradicate them fully, you can go for insecticides. Spray the insecticides into cracks and other areas where they are likely to hide. If you observe severe infestations of brown recluse spider in your house, you should call a licensed pest control professional.

Everything About Brown Recluse Spider: Bite, Symptoms and Preventive Measures

Kevin Brown

Kevin Brown is a journalist at his own start-up, born and residing in Seattle, Washington. He has a knack of reading up newspaper articles and coming up with summaries and points of view, hence taking up a profession similar to his interest. Simply covering events and activities is something he can do as good as a professional, but he seems to enjoy writing on events that need viewpoints and suggestions.

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