Your Quick Guide on How to Handle 5 Medical Emergencies

 Albert Cooper
  Aug 07, 2018

According to data from the CDC, approximately 20 percent of US adults seek emergency room care each year. This number has stayed consistent for the last decade.

Medical professionals recommend that your first response to an emergency is to call 911 or to drive to the emergency room yourself. A quick and appropriate response to an accident or injury can greatly reduce the fallout and impact of the calamity.

So you called 911. Now what? Knowing a couple of key facts about how to handle your medical emergency can help the doctors deal effectively and efficiently with your case.

Here are 5 common medical emergencies and what to do when faced with them.

1. A hot liquid or hot solid burn.

In the kitchen, preparing your meal, when a flash of oil scorches your hand?

According to the WHO, 11 million people had burns that required medical attention during the year that data was collected on this issue. Additionally, they note that burns are among the top causes for shortened life spans in low-income countries.

Not sure if your burn warrants calling an ambulance? Mayo Clinic states that if your skin appears dry and leathery, or is larger than 3 inches, or has discolored patches, to call 911 immediately. Until help arrives, you will want to cover the burn with a cool, damp, but clean cloth or bandage.

They advise against immersing the burn area in cold water, as this could lead to hypothermia. Raise the burned area above heart level, if you can do so without jostling the burn victim.

2. Loss of consciousness.

Someone collapses in front of you. Is it a fainting spell? Dizziness? Or could it be heat stroke, a heart condition, or due to diabetes complications?

Until help arrives, do you know what to do? If you are under direct sun, reposition the person to a shady spot. If the individual is unresponsive, WebMD advises that you check for a pulse. If the individual is not breathing, start CPR.

If you don't know how to administer CPR, call out for someone who does. A passerby may be able to pitch in until emergency services arrive. If no one is around and the collapsed person is not breathing? RN Elda Ramirez, division head of emergency care at The University of Texas School of Nursing, says to position their head with the chin up. This will clear their airway.

3. A tooth gets knocked out.

Getting a tooth knocked out can happen due to rough contact sports, such as football, soccer, or martial arts. Or it could be a result of a bicycle accident or a trip and fall.

You may be tempted to wait a day or even a couple hours before seeing your dentist. Don't. Make an immediate appointment. And then, contrary to what you might first think, don't clean the tooth.

According to LaneFamily Dental, "Put it in a small container of milk or saliva. It is sometimes possible to reattach an avulsed (knocked-out) tooth if the connective tissues are intact. If you are bleeding from the socket, bite down on a clean wet cloth, but do not rinse and spit to clean the mouth."

4. A loss of blood.

It can be scary to be faced with bleeding that does not appear to stop. The thing you want to avoid doing is copying the example of actors in movies where they make a tourniquet to stop the bleeding.

Instead, the current medical advice is to apply direct pressure on the site where the bleeding is occurring. Press down with a cloth and hold firm until help arrives.

5. A seizure.

The CDC states that1 out of every 10 individuals has had a seizure, thus showing that seizures are more common than we might think.

The first step in helping a person with a seizure is to know what one looks like. A person who is experiencing one will often collapse. Their body might, or twitch, and their eyes may flutter. Call 911 immediately.

The CDC provides instructions on how to care for a person experiencing a grand mal seizure. If the person has fallen on the floor, turn the person onto his or her side which will help them breathe. Place something soft under his or her head and remove any sharp objects from around the person that could hurt them.

As you wait for help to arrive, time the seizure so that you can report the length of time to the emergency services once they arrive.

Familiarize yourself with these 5 common medical emergencies so you can learn what your response should be in these situations.

Your Quick Guide on How to Handle 5 Medical Emergencies

Albert Cooper

Albert Cooper is a known content writer from California, USA. He writes content in different niches such as social media marketing, finance, business etc. He’s a daytime blogger and night time reader currently working as a chief content advisor for some business and finance groups. He enjoys pie, as should all right-thinking people.

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