THE IMPACT OF NATURAL DISASTERS ON ANIMALS AND WHAT THIS MEANS FOR PEOPLE

THE IMPACT OF NATURAL DISASTERS ON ANIMALS AND WHAT THIS MEANS FOR PEOPLE

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Description: HUMAN FIRST OF COURSE BUT IS IT A REASON TO FORGET ANIMALS? ANIMALS ARE CONCERNED BY DISASTERS IN DIFFERENT WAYS ; THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: FLOODING; THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: FLOODING; THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: DROUGHT; THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: COLD; THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: WILDFIRES; THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: WILDFIRES; THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: EARTHQUAKES; ANIMAL RESCUE IS A NECESSITY: FOR THE ANIMALS, FOR HUMANS SAFETY, FOR LOCAL ECONOMY, FOR ETHICAL REASONS; CONTROL OF ANIMAL RISKS IS A NECESSITY, PHYSICAL DANGERS, ZOONOTIC DANGERS, CADAVERS AND RISKY FEEDSTUFFS.

 
Author: Dominique Grandjean (Fellow) | Visits: 1177 | Page Views: 1253
Domain:  Medicine Category: Veterinary Subcategory: Environmental Issues 
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Contents:
THE IMPACT OF NATURAL DISASTERS ON ANIMALS
AND WHAT THIS MEANS FOR PEOPLE

Prof Dominique GRANDJEAN
Alfort School of Veterinary Medicine (France)
Colonel Paris Fire Brigade

NATURAL DISASTERS
ACUTE
-

EARTHQUAKE
TSUNAMI
FLOODING
HURRICANE
FIRE
ERUPTION


CHRONIC
-

DROUGHT
EPIZOOTIC
COLD


LIVESTOCK, WILDLIFE, PETS

HUMAN FIRST OF COURSE…BUT…
IS IT A REASON TO FORGET ANIMALS?

ANIMALS ARE CONCERNED BY DISASTERS IN DIFFERENT WAYS

AS VICTIMS

AS DANGERS

AS RESCUERS
AS FEEDSTUFFS

AS SENTINELS

THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: FLOODING

THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: FLOODING

THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: DROUGHT

THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: COLD

THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: WILDFIRES

THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: WILDFIRES

THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: WILDFIRES

THE ANIMAL AS A VICTIM: EARTHQUAKES

ANIMAL RESCUE IS A NECESSITY
- FOR THE ANIMALS
- FOR HUMANS SAFETY
- FOR LOCAL ECONOMY
- FOR ETHICAL REASONS

ANIMAL RESCUE IS A NECESSITY
- FOR THE ANIMALS
- FOR HUMANS SAFETY
- FOR LOCAL ECONOMY
- FOR ETHICAL REASONS

ANIMAL RESCUE IS A NECESSITY
- FOR THE ANIMALS
- FOR HUMANS SAFETY
- FOR LOCAL ECONOMY
- FOR ETHICAL REASONS

KOBE EARTHQUAKE (JAPAN) 17/01/1995
STUDY ON ANIMALS OWNERS REACTIONS:

- I stayed in my home cause I did not want to leave my pets……
- I left my house after taking my pet with me………....................
- I immediatly went back to my home to take care of my pets…
90,5 p100
PEOPLE TAKE RISKS TO SAVE
THEIR ANIMALS

ANIMAL RESCUE IS A NECESSITY
- FOR THE ANIMALS
- FOR HUMANS SAFETY
- FOR LOCAL ECONOMY
- FOR ETHICAL REASONS

ANIMAL RESCUE IS A NECESSITY
- FOR THE ANIMALS
- FOR HUMANS SAFETY
- FOR LOCAL ECONOMY
- FOR ETHICAL REASONS

NATURAL DISASTER: IMMEDIATE versus DELAYED
or SECONDARY CONSEQUENCES

ANIMALS ARE CONCERNED BY DISASTERS IN DIFFERENT WAYS

AS VICTIMS

AS DANGERS

AS RESCUERS
AS FEEDSTUFFS

AS SENTINELS

CONTROL OF ANIMAL RISKS IS A NECESSITY
- PHYSICAL DANGERS
- ZOONOTIC DANGERS
- CADAVERS AND RISKY FEEDSTUFFS

CONTROL OF ANIMAL RISKS IS A NECESSITY
- PHYSICAL DANGERS
- ZOONOTIC DANGERS
- CADAVERS AND RISKY FEEDSTUFFS

CONTROL OF ANIMAL RISKS IS A NECESSITY
- PHYSICAL DANGERS
- ZOONOTIC DANGERS
- CADAVERS AND RISKY FEEDSTUFFS

CONTROL OF ANIMAL RISKS IS A NECESSITY
- PHYSICAL DANGERS
- ZOONOTIC DANGERS
- CADAVERS AND RISKY FEEDSTUFFS

ANIMALS ARE CONCERNED BY DISASTERS IN DIFFERENT WAYS

AS VICTIMS

AS DANGERS

AS RESCUERS
AS FEEDSTUFFS

AS SENTINELS

FAST REHABILITATION OF ANIMALS AS FOOD IS A NECESSITY
- REGROUP LIVESTOCK
- MANAGEMENT OF FOODBORNE INFECTIONS
- FUTURE OF BREEDING ACTIVITIES

VENEZUELA FLOODING 1999
- Rain  Floodings  Landslides
- 50 000 Death
- Lost of 80 p100 of Cattle (prov. Apure)
140 000 « moved » (Caracas)
- Leptospirosis (rats)
- Cholera (water, feedstuffs, rats)

FAST REHABILITATION OF ANIMALS AS FOOD IS A NECESSITY
- REGROUP LIVESTOCK
- MANAGEMENT OF FOODBORNE INFECTIONS
- FUTURE OF BREEDING ACTIVITIES

BEWARE OF INDUCED STRESSES

FAST REHABILITATION OF ANIMALS AS FOOD IS A NECESSITY
- REGROUP LIVESTOCK
- MANAGEMENT OF FOODBORNE INFECTIONS
- FUTURE OF BREEDING AND PRODUCTION ACTIVITIES

ANIMALS ARE CONCERNED BY DISASTERS IN DIFFERENT WAYS

AS VICTIMS

AS DANGERS

AS RESCUERS
AS FEEDSTUFFS

AS SENTINELS

ANIMALS CAN SAVE LIVES
- SEARCH AND RESCUE DOGS
- MULES CAN GO ANYWHERE

ANIMALS CAN SAVE LIVES
- SEARCH AND RESCUE DOGS
- MULES CAN GO ANYWHERE

ANIMALS CAN SAVE LIVES
- SEARCH AND RESCUE DOGS
- MULES CAN GO ANYWHERE

ANIMALS ARE CONCERNED BY DISASTERS IN DIFFERENT WAYS

AS VICTIMS

AS DANGERS

AS RESCUERS
AS FEEDSTUFFS

AS SENTINELS

WHAT ALL THIS MEANS TO PEOPLE AND ORGANIZATIONS

WHAT IMPACTS ANIMALS IMPACTS MANKIND!
-

Sanitory component (postponed vectorisation of biological risk)
Economical component (the animal is at least a good)
Humane component (the animal is way more than a good)
Environmental component (impacts of massive pollutions)

POPULATIONS MUST GET PREPARED
ANIMAL AS A VICTIM

ANIMAL AS A VECTOR

ANIMAL AS A RESCUER

ANIMAL AS A FOOD

ANIMAL AS A SENTINEL

TRAINING AND PLANS
IN REGIONS AT RISK

• creating adequate storage and protection for food and water supplies
• identifying animals so they can easily be reunited with their owners
• demonstrating how to evacuate animals safely
• strengthening and securing animal shelters on safe ground
• running vaccination programs to protect animal health.

PREPARDNESS TO EXPECTED SITUATIONS

VETERINARIANS TRAINED TO DISASTER SITUATIONS

CENTRALIZE RESPONSE OPTIONS AND METHODOLOGIES

BETTER TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THE HUMANE
IMPORTANCE OF ANIMALS IN ANY COUNTRY
IN DISASTERS SITUATIONS

DISASTER VETERINARY MEDICINE
EXISTS AND MUST BE DEVELOPPED

THERE ARE MANY TYPES OF DISASTER SITUATIONS…
ACCIDENT
AREA (EXTENT)

TIME (DURATION)
TECHNOLOGY

TERRORISM

NATURE
VICTIMS (NUMBER)

IMPACT (SOCIETIES)
CONFLICT

…AND TRAINED VETERINARIANS CAN BE USEFULL !

NATIONAL DIPLOMA IN VETERINARY DISASTER
AND ENVIRONMENT MEDICINE (France)

NATURAL DISASTERS
BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS
CHEMICAL HAZARDS
RADIOLOGICAL HAZARDS
ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTERS

ACTUAL FRENCH « ORGANISATION » REGARDING
VETERINARIANS POTENTIALLY INVOLVED IN DISASTERS

CIVILIAN SECURITY (FIRE DEPTs)
350 Part Time or Army Reserve Veterinarians
TRAINED
MILITARY HEALTH SERVICE
80 Military Veterinarians + Reserve
NATIONAL ADMINISTRATION
3000 Veterinarians…Far away from field problems
PRIVATE PRACTITIONERS

10000 Veterinarians…

UNTRAINED

POTENTIAL EUROPEAN « ORGANISATION » REGARDING
VETERINARIANS POTENTIALLY INVOLVED IN DISASTERS

CIVILIAN SECURITY (FIRE DEPTs)

MILITARY HEALTH SERVICE

INCLUDE DISASTER VETERINARY
MEDICINE IN VET-STUDENTS TRAINING?

VET SCHOOLS
TRAINED

NATIONAL ADMINISTRATION

POST GRADUATE
BUILD-UP A EUROPEAN BOARD IN
DISASTER VETERINARY MEDICINE?

PRIVATE PRACTITIONERS
« GARNET VETERINARY RESPONSE PLAN »

POTENTIAL INTERNATIONAL « ORGANISATION » REGARDING
VETERINARIANS POTENTIALLY INVOLVED IN DISASTERS

CIVILIAN SECURITY (FIRE DEPTs)

MILITARY HEALTH SERVICE

INCLUDE DISASTER VETERINARY
MEDICINE IN VET-STUDENTS TRAINING?

VET SCHOOLS
TRAINING

NATIONAL ADMINISTRATION

PRIVATE PRACTITIONERS

POST GRADUATE
BUILD-UP THE FIRST
INTERNATIONAL BOARD IN
DISASTER VETERINARY MEDICINE?

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
dgrandjean@vet-alfort.fr

THE NEW SUBAQUATIC SEARCH AND
RESCUE DOG OF THE
PARIS FIRE BRIGADE

dgrandjean@vet-alfort.fr