One Health Initiative - Connecting Education, Research, and Outreach

One Health Initiative - Connecting Education, Research, and Outreach

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Description: This presentation is about One Health Initiative at Iowa State. College of Veterinary Medicine First public veterinary college in the US (1879), Internationally known for veterinary education, research and service. We are Iowa State’s only professional college, Ames harbors one of the country’s largest concentrations of animal health professionals, Focus on animal and human health, food safety and animal welfare to the benefit of animal agriculture, economic development, and the health and well-being of humans and their animals.

Academic departments at College of Veterinary Medicine are Biomedical Sciences, Clinical Sciences, Pathology, Microbiology & Preventive Medicine, Diagnostic & Production Animal Medicine. Service Units are Lloyd Veterinary Medical Center, Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Field Services. One Health is the collaborative effort of multiple health science professions, together with their related disciplines and institutions – working locally, nationally, and globally to attain optimal health for people, domestic animals, wildlife, plants, and our environment.

Concept for a One Health Approach at the Convergence of the Biological, Physical, Social and Clinical Sciences.

 
Author: Lisa Nolan DVM PhD, Claire Andreasen DVM PhD DACVP, Qijing Zhang BVsc MS PhD (Fellow) | Visits: 3625 | Page Views: 4040
Domain:  Medicine Category: Veterinary Subcategory: Research and Development - Innovation 
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Contents:
One Health Initiative at Iowa State
Connecting Education, Research, and Outreach

Lisa Nolan, DVM, PhD
Claire Andreasen, DVM, PhD, DACVP
Qijing Zhang, BVsc, MS, PhD

College of Veterinary Medicine
• First public veterinary college in the US (1879)
• Internationally known for veterinary education, research
and service

College of Veterinary Medicine
• We are Iowa State’s only
professional college

• Ames harbors one of the
country’s largest
concentrations of animal
health professionals
• Focus on animal and human health, food safety and animal
welfare to the benefit of animal agriculture, economic
development, and the health and well-being of humans and
their animals

College of Veterinary Medicine
Academic departments:

Service Units:







• Lloyd Veterinary Medical Center
• Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory
• Field Services

Biomedical Sciences
Clinical Sciences
Pathology
Microbiology & Preventive Medicine
Diagnostic & Production Animal Medicine

One Health Approach
One Health is the collaborative
effort of multiple health
science professions, together
with their related disciplines
and institutions – working
locally, nationally, and globally
– to attain optimal health for
people, domestic animals,
wildlife, plants, and our
environment.

Source: One Health Commission website

Based on land-grant universities’ strengths in
human, animal, plant, and environmental health,
how can we strategically collaborate to expand our
research capabilities?

• Quality of faculty
• Breadth of research (basic,
applied, clinical, and
translational)
• Convergence of disciplines
in the biological, physical,
social, and clinical sciences
• Established partnerships

• Complementary colleges
• Incubators and Research
Farms
• Institutes and Centers
• Relationships with Federal
Labs (e.g., USDA and DOE)
• Industry ties and community
outreach and service
• Interdisciplinary culture

Concept for a One Health Approach at the
Convergence of the Biological, Physical, Social
and Clinical Sciences
CAHDIT

RESEARCH PARK

LAS

CFSPH

COB

ICAN

CALS
INOVA
CIAG

ONE HEALTH
INTERSECTION

NWRC

CVM
COE
COD

PPSI
FEDERAL NATIONAL LABS
UNIVERSITIES
OTHERS

CHS

Integrated One Health

• Health, nutrition, & food security and safety

Biorenewables
• Products & energy

Quality
of Life

New Technologies
• Materials to systems

Environment

• Climate change to ecosystem
degradation

• Transform the Research
Enterprise at Iowa State by
building on its pillars of
strength in one health
• Create a “self-sustaining”
pipeline that translates benchtop discovery into health
innovations
• Continue to build a foundation
of research capabilities that
will ‘stand the test of time’

• Added to Iowa State’s
strategic plan
• Research symposium for
Iowa State researchers
and students
• University planning
committee
• Funding for seed grants
• One Health Endowed
Lecture Series
• New Presidential Hires

Integrated One-Health Initiative
Healthy
Environment
Healthy
Plants
Healthy
Animals

Healthy
Humans

EDUCATIONAL AND
OUTREACH RESOURCES
COLLEGE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE

Center for Food Security and
Public Health Mission
• Established in 2002 by the

CDC
• To increase national and

international preparedness
for accidental or intentional
introduction of disease
agents which threaten food
security or public health

Education Materials


Bioterrorism and Agroterrorism




Emerging and Exotic
Diseases of Animals




Fact sheets, textbook,
online course, Spanish

Zoonotic Diseases




PowerPoints, fact sheets, handouts,
disease wall charts

Textbook, fast facts, handouts

Biological Risk Management


PowerPoints, handouts, online database

www.cfsph.iastate.edu
Animal Disease



160 disease
fact sheets
• 100 Diseases with
images
• 56 PPTs
– Speaker notes
• 91 1-page
Fast Facts

Disease Fact Sheets

3 to 28 pages in length

Image
Database


100 Diseases



One to several
clinical images



Annotated by
board certified
pathologists

Speaker Notes

PowerPoint

General Public
Factsheets…
Fast Facts


91 one-page fact
sheets on diseases
written for the
general public

Zoonoses: Protecting People
and Their Pets
Textbook - 1st Ed.
• 7 chapters






Overview, Human-animal
bond, Bites/scratches,
Children, Shared risks

Color images
• Handouts
• 220 pages

Emerging and Exotic Diseases
of Animals
• Online course
• 28 Colleges of
Veterinary Medicine
– Incorporates USDA
Initial Accreditation
Training

• Continuing education
– Offered on VIN for practitioners

Infection Control
• Infection Control Manual
for Animal Shelters

• Free assessment tool
for shelters
• Identify disease risk areas
• Implement prevention
practices and training
– Maddie’s Shelter Funding

BRM Resources
• PowerPoints
– General prevention
– Foreign animal diseases
– Zoonotic diseases

• Handouts
– Checklists
– Prevention info

• Signage
• Disinfectant info
• English & Spanish

Animal Disease Emergency
Local Preparedness Program
• Training curriculum for Iowa
– Preparedness, response, developing, testing local
response plans

• PowerPoints, handouts
• 5 target audiences:






Animal industry
Local government
Local business owners
First responders
General public

Master of Public Health (MPH) Degree
• Cooperative agreement 2002
University of Iowa, College of Public Health
Iowa State University, CVM

– Graduates:
43 practicing veterinarians – MPH
22 concurrent veterinary students – DVM/MPH

– Enrolled as of May 2013:
31 practitioners, 14 veterinary students

• Distance Learning – Summer Institutes
– 2 weeks in Iowa City (year 1)
– 2 weeks in Ames (year 2)

2013 One Health Lecture – Zoobiquity
Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine hosted the
second One Health Endowed Lecture in April 2013:
• Authors of Zoobiquity
• Presentation for community, lecture
for CVM students
• Animals and humans share the same
diseases
• Draws on:
– Latest in medical and veterinary
science
– Evolutionary and molecular
biology

2014 One Health Lecture – Gorilla Doctors

Photo Source: gorilladoctors.org

A One Health Approach to Mountain Gorilla Conservation
presentation by Dr. Mike Cranfield, co-director of Gorilla Doctors –
April 24
Dedicated to saving the endangered mountain and Grauer’s gorillas

RESEARCH

Iowa State has Embraced One Health






In 2013, 8 of 12 funded Health
Research Initiative projects at
Iowa State were awarded to CVM
faculty
Teams working to create novel
vaccines for new and emerging
pathogens; two of the 4
presidential initiatives are on
vaccine development
Faculty new hires in strategically
important areas: Translational
Health and Pathogenomics

Research Leadership at the
Intersection of Animal & Human Health
Translational Research
• Alzheimer’s, Cancer, Parkinson’s
stroke & prion diseases (mad cow)
• Respiratory (Syncytial), vision (glaucoma,
retinal diseases); digestive diseases
• PEDV, PRRS, HIV, influenza, etc
• Vaccine development & delivery
Animal & Public Health
• Campylobacter – a major foodborne
pathogen worldwide
• E. coli-caused colibacillosis - #1 worldwide
bacterial poultry disease

One Health in South Africa

Participation

New Insights into One Health
• Disease management
• Differences in one health
perception
• Industry - wildlife - local population
interface
• Wildlife conservation vs
environmental conservation
• Network with folks from five
universities from around the world
interested in one health research
• Develop collaborations

One Health in China
• Collaboration with Multiple institutions in
China (e.g. Nanjing Agricultural University,
China Agricultural University)
• Research: Detection, ecology,
transmission of pathogens

• Advanced diagnostic service
• Surveillance: A network monitoring
antimicrobial resistance of animal origin

• Education: training of graduate students
and visiting scholars

QUESTIONS?