The Importance Of Health Literacy For Achieving And Maintaining Good Health

The Importance Of Health Literacy For Achieving And Maintaining Good Health

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Description: Taking Charge of Your Health: , - the Health-The combination of your Physical, Mental/Emotional, and Social Well-Being. Purpose- To gain knowledge and skills to take charge of your health for a lifetime. Health is dynamic, meaning it is subject to constant change.

We practice healthy habits to avoid chronic disease or an ongoing condition or illness, such heart disease, obesity, or cancer. Think of your health at any moment as a point along a continuum spanning the complete spectrum of health.

 
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Contents:
Your Health & Wellness
Chapter 1
Lesson #1 pg 4-9
Today’s Lesson Objectives

Objective 1: Explain how the nation’s health goals relate to
individual, family, and community health.
Objective 2: Describe the criteria for evaluating health information.
Objective 3: Understand the importance of health literacy for
achieving and maintaining good health.

Chapter One
Lesson 1: What is Health?
Complete the sentence below:
When you have good health, you….

In-Class Assignment:
Write your answers on your own paper
Define Health:
Define Wellness:
Describe in your own words the difference between
health and wellness.
What lifestyle factors do you need to improve on???
If you were to pick one lifestyle factor to improve on,
what would you do in order to achieve it??

Taking Charge of
Your Health
Health- The combination of your
Physical, Mental/Emotional, and
Social Well-Being.
Purpose- To gain knowledge and
skills to take charge of your health
for a lifetime.

Health is dynamic, meaning it is
subject to constant change.

Health Continuum
Neutral

Where are you today?

We practice healthy habits to avoid chronic disease or
an ongoing condition or illness, such as, heart disease,
obesity, or cancer.

Think of your health at any moment as a point along a
continuum spanning the complete spectrum of health.

In class activity…
In regards to the health spectrum, where are you right
now?
Where do you want to be a month from now?
Where do you want to be a year from now?

Explain how being health literate can help you to
achieve and maintain these health related goals.

characteristics of healthy
people?
This means
you!

The decisions you make every day effect
your health and wellness.
Positive lifestyle factors include:
Getting 8-10 hours of sleep each night
Starting each day with a healthy breakfast
Maintaining a healthy weight
Avoiding tobacco, alcohol, and other harmful drugs
Abstaining from risky sexual behaviors
Managing stress
Practicing safe behaviors in all other areas

Lifestyle Factors
Lifestyle Factors- The personal habits or behavior related
to how a person lives.
Get eight hours of sleep each night.
Start each day with a healthy breakfast.
Eat a variety of nutritious foods each day.
Be physically active for 30 to 60 minutes most days of the week.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Abstain from smoking or using other tobacco products.
Abstain from the use of alcohol and other drugs.

Prevention
Practicing health and safety habits to remain free from
disease and injury

How to Avoid or Reduce Risks
Prevention- Taking steps to keep something from
happening or getting worse.
Practicing healthy habits to keep a person well and free from
disease and other ailments.
Ex. Seatbelts, sunscreen, wearing a helmet, getting regular
check-ups.
Abstinence- A deliberate decision to avoid high-risk
behaviors, including sexual activity, and the use of tobacco,
alcohol, and other drugs.

Importance of Health
Education
Today, America spends $2.3
Trillion each year on health
care, or $7,600 per person.
Much of that could be
avoided if people made
healthier decisions and took
responsibility for their
wellness.
Health Education- Includes
providing accurate health
information and teaching
health skills to help people
make healthy decisions.

National Health Goals
Healthy People 2020
A Nationwide plan to promote health and prevent illness,
disability, and early death
1st goal: Attain high quality, longer lives free of preventable
disease, disability, injury and premature death
2nd goal: Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and
improve the health of all groups
3rd goal: Create social and physical environments that promote
good health for all
4th goal: Promote quality of life, healthy development, and
healthy behaviors across all life stages
Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/healthy_people/hp2020.htm

Becoming Health Literate
To become an informed individual
who can make sound health
decisions, one must know how to:
Find health information
Decide if the information is correct
Assess the risks and benefits of treatment
Figure out how much medicine to take
Understand test results

Health Literacy
Health Literacy- Refers to a person’s capacity to learn
about and understand basic health information and services
to use these resources to promote one’s health and
wellness.
“So, What?” paper
Research Project
Article Reviews
Web quests
iPads

What can you do?
a critical thinker
and problem
solver

a responsible,
productive
citizen

Qualities of a
Health-Literate
Individual
a self-directed
learner

an effective
communicator

As more individuals take charge of their
own wellness, global health can improve
Individuals: play an active role in their own health
through daily decisions
Families: shape the attitudes and beliefs that result in
healthful individual behaviors
Communities: provide health services and ensure a
safe environment

Chapter One
Lesson 2: Promoting a Healthy
Lifestyle p. 10-16
Objectives:
*SWBAT describe the importance of taking
responsibility for establishing and implementing
health maintenance for individuals of all ages.
*SWBAT analyze the health messages delivered
through media.
*SWBAT explain how many influences have
impacted the health status of individuals, families,
communities, and the world.

Foundation of Health is
Balance
3 Elements of Health
Physical Health- All about how well your body functions
and how the body systems work together.
Mental/Emotional Health- Reflection of how you feel
about yourself, how you meet the demands of your daily
life and how you cope with the problems that occur in life.
Social Health- The way you get along with others and
how well you communicate with people.

The Health Triangle
The 3 elements of Health
are interconnected
To be truly health, you must
maintain balance in all 3
areas.
Wellness- Overall state of
well-being or total health.
High level of health in all
3 areas.

Examples of…
Physical Health

Mental/Emotional Health

Good or Bad

Social Health

5 Tips for Physical Health
Get eight to ten
hours of sleep each
night.

Eat nutritious
meals and drink
eight cups of
water each day.

Avoid the use of
tobacco, alcohol,
and other drugs.

Engage in 30 to 60
minutes of physical
activity every day.

Bathe daily, and
floss and brush your
teeth every day.

Mental/Emotional Health
Characteristics of Mentally and Emotionally Healthy People
Enjoy challenges.
Accept responsibility for their actions.
Have a sense of control over their lives.
Can express their emotions in appropriate ways.
Usually can deal with life’s stresses and frustrations.
Have a positive outlook.
Make thoughtful and responsible decisions.

Social Health
Tips for Maintaining Healthy Relationships to
Care for Your Social Health
Seek and lend support when needed.
Communicate clearly and listen to others.
Show respect and care for yourself and others.

Influences on Your Health
heredity
physical environment
social environment
culture
attitude
behavior
the media and tech.

Influences
Heredity- Refers to all the traits that were biologically
passed on to you from your parents.
We cannot control our heredity.
Examples: Hair color, eye color, body type, risks for heart
disease, diabetes, and other illnesses.

Influences
Environment- The sum of all your surroundings.
Physical Environment- Neighborhood, school, air and
water quality, recreational facilities, etc.
Social Environment- People around you; friends and
family, peer pressure, bullies, etc.
Culture- The collective beliefs, customs and behaviors of
a group.
USA---Minnesota---Elk River---High School
Religion, Language, Food, Traditions, etc.

The physical
places in
which you live.

The people
who make up
your world.

The culture
you live in.

Influences
Attitude- The way you
view things.
“Glass half full or glass
half empty?”

Behavior- The control we
have over our actions.
Drinking and Driving vs.
Calling a Friend
Rock Climbing vs. Riding a
Bike

Influences
Media and Technology are two of the most powerful
influences on your health.
Radio, television, and Internet
Print; newspapers and magazines.
TV Personalities become role models
Positive and Negative
Models and Athletes

Charles Barkley

Is he right or is he wrong?

Chapter One
Lesson Three: Health Risks and Your
Behavior
Obj: SWBAT describe ways to
promote health and reduce risks.
SWBAT associate risk taking with
consequences.

Identifying Health Risks
Everyday we are faced with some degree of risk.
Risk Behaviors- Actions that can potentially threaten your
health or the health of others.
We need to identify threats to our health so we can make
safe and responsible decisions.

Recognizing Risk Behaviors
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has
identified six of the most significant risk behaviors for young
people under age 24.
1

4

Tobacco use

Alcohol and other drug use

2

5

Unhealthy dietary behaviors

Sexual behaviors

3

6

Inadequate physical activity

Behaviors that contribute to
injuries and violence

Risks & Consequences
Long Term vs. Short Term Risks
Cumulative Risks- Related risks that can increase in effect
with each added risk.
Can you name a few…?

Eating high fat diet, smoking, speeding, using a cell phone.

Abstinence
One of the most effective strategies for protecting your
health
Definition: A deliberate decision to avoid high-risk
behaviors:
Sexual activities
Use of:
Tobacco
Alcohol
Other drugs