Is the mineral which occurs in bones in our body. Calcium is responsible for bone health. Also, calcium plays numerous function in the body provide the bone mass, transmission of never impulses, carry out blood clotting process muscle function. Bones are the main storage site of calcium in the body. When your body didn’t get enough calcium from food then calcium stored in bones absorbed by the body. Which causes weakening of bones and growth of bones shunted. Bone density
refers to how much calcium & other minerals are present in a section of your bone. Bone density is higher in young age & it becomes low day by day. Low bone density results in brittle & fragile bones. Means bone breaks easily even without fall or other injuries.
Vitamin D also prevent chronic diseases like cancer, heart diseases, diabetes, auto immune disease & osteoporosis. without vitamin. D our body can only absorb 10- 15 % of dietary calcium. & when vitamin D is added then calcium absorption increase by 30 – 40 %. So Both calcium & vitamin D is necessary to prevent osteoporosis.
Vitamin D easily obtained from sunlight. Calcium deficiency
can also lead to mood problems like anxiety, depression & difficulty in sleeping.
Calcium supplement not only required at old age but it is essential during growing age & lactating phase.
Hormonal imbalance also responsible for calcium loss. Hormones take some calcium loss. Hormonal take some calcium out of the bones every day to keep calcium level normal. This contributes to bone loss hence after menopause, calcium becomes more on lower side resulting body becomes more prone to osteoporosis. CALCIUM RICH FOODS ARE –
- While beans, Black beans.
- Orange juice
- Some fishes like – salmon, sardines aquatic animals like – prawn, Oster lobster.
- Almond, mustard, broccoli foods that provide vitamin D are
- soya milk & cereals
- egg yolk
- Orange juice
- Salmon & sardine, tuna, Bluefin fish.